Little Known Black History Fact: Georg Olden

Graphic designer Georg Olden broke a race barrier in the art world on this day in 1963. The award-winning artist became the first Black designer of a postal stamp, which celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation.

Olden was born November 13, 1920 in Birmingham, Ala., and attended Dunbar High School in Washington. D.C. He then went on to Virginia State College, dropping out just after the Pearl Harbor attack. He joined the Office of Strategic Services, the organization that precedes the CIA, as a designer, working under a colonel who would later become vice president of CBS’ television division. The colonel brought Olden on and the union was fruitful.

Eventually, Olden, one of the few Black people working in television, lead his own staff but moved on in the early ’60’s. His push for innovation in design work earned him several awards, including being a seven-time winner of the Clio Award, which he designed, and a two-time winner of the Art Director’s Club of New York Award.

The five-cent stamp Olden designed featured a broken Black chain on a blue background with white borders. That same year, Olden joined the firm of McCann Erickson, which let him go in 1970, citing economic downturn. Olden suspected otherwise. In the ’70’s, Olden brought a class-action lawsuit against McCann and just as he was making headway with the case, a live-in girlfriend shot him dead in February 1975.

The girlfriend was later acquitted of the charges. Olden was 54.

Olden is the father of author Marc Olden and Georg Olden Jr., a former child actor and real estate professional.

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Long, gruesome history of serial killers

As Peter Vronsky walked inside a Times Square fleabag hotel in 1979, a man lugging a bag of bowling balls pushed his way past. Guy must be in a hurry to check out, Vronsky thought.

Upstairs, some guests upstairs already had — permanently.

The departing man turned out to be Richard Francis Cottingham….

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Today in History for August 12th

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Little Known Black History Fact: Alfred Sam

Alfred Sam was a mysterious figure from West Africa who arrived in America to spearhead what became a failed back-to-Africa movement in 1914. Although he claimed to be a chief from a Gold Coast royal lineage, Sam, was twice accused of fraud and many who invested into his venture lost everything.

Sam was born in the West Akim district of what is now known as Ghana some time in 1880. He was a trader of rubber and other goods, and arrived to America around 1914 to preach the virtues of African-Americans returning to their “ancestral land” and leading the charge. Sam was accused of fraud twice in his time by the United States and United Kingdom and was cleared each time.

His quest to lead the emigration of American Blacks back to Africa came with the promise of fertile lands and riches, and encouraged them to offer a $ 25 investment in his Akim Trading Company – a steep cost for many poor Black residents at the time. Because his promises were that enticing, many of the residents sold all of their possessions just to join in the quest.

By August 1914 and after months of planning, 60 Black men and women set sail on the S.S. Liberia from Galveston, Texas en route to West Africa. Along the way, the ship was detained in Barbados and re-routed to Sierra Leone, a costly diversion that led to many passengers on the ship to exhaust their food and supplies. Further, some passengers succumbed to diseases such as malaria in the long trek.

In 1915, the Liberia landed in Saltpond and the passengers were initially welcomed but soon after, it became clear that Sam’s promises of open land were false. African rulers at the time were not keen to let foreigners inhabit their lands so many found their way back to America while others spread across Liberia and other African nations.

Sam, who died sometime in the ’30’s, reportedly returned to trading and became a notable cocoa buyer but not much of his life after the failed emigration is readily known.

 

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Best of HOF: Lewis makes history, Dawkins inspires and more

Ray Lewis’ 33-minute speech included a HOF-first wireless mic, and the Patriots surprised Randy Moss. Here’s how induction Saturday went down.
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Today in History for August 5th

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‘Devil’s Mile’: A history of the Bowery

It was New York’s first street. And for a long time, for many New Yorkers, it was a dead end.

Before the Europeans arrived in the 17th century, the Bowery bore no name. It was just a footpath, a Native American shortcut through the forests of “Manna-hatta” – The Island of Many Hills.

Then the Dutch…

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Today in History for July 29th

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‘The Flash’: Nora Dawn Allen’s Powers & History

Now that Iris and Barry’s daughter from the future has taken The Flash Season 5 trailer by storm, fans are wondering what her story is and how it will fit into Season 5. While we can’t know what the show has in store moving forward, we can look backwards to the comics for clues regarding the life and times of Nora West-Allen.

Without further ado – but with plenty of decades old comic spoilers – let’s dive into a brief history of Dawn Allen and how The Flash might incorporate her story.

Developing a Legacy


Iris with Dawn & Don in “The Life Story of the Flash” (1997)

While Nora arrived alone to visit her parents, her comic counterpart Dawn Allen usually has a partner in crime-fighting. Together, Dawn and her twin brother Don form a superhero team-up called the Tornado Twins. They were first introduced in Adventure Comics #373 in 1968, where they were merely “direct descendants” of Barry Allen who had not inherited his speed. But that changed after “Crisis on Infinite Earths,” and by 1991 they were reintroduced as Iris and Barry’s metahuman children who had to hide their powers on pain of death. Wally even learns from Iris that her kids died after saving the world from Dominators and her grandson was experimented on by the government. There’s hints of this kind of future on The Flash as well, given the introduction of Dominators during “Invasion!” and the phone call Barry made to Gideon in 2056 about having lost too many people.

As the years went on, the family tree expanded further and more details were added. Flash Vol. 2 #92 introduced Bart Allen in the flesh, revealing that he was Don’s son via a forbidden romance with Meloni Thawne. Their Romeo & Juliet-esque marriage was the cause of a lot of heartbreak, thanks to a centuries old family feud between the Allens and the Thawnes. At one point, Meloni and Iris even team up to rescue Bart from the clutches of his other grandfather before being forced to hide him somewhere in the past. Dawn’s own daughter Jenni first showed up in 1995, discovering her powers after a terrifying run-in with Dominators and exposing herself in order to save her father.

The most tragic part of all? Much like Barry never got a chance to meet his kids before dying, Dawn and Don didn’t get to spend much time with their children before being executed for treason for the simple crime of being metahumans who tried to help others. Not knowing her dad in the future would certainly explain her eagerness around him in the past.

Changing the Future


The twins debate using their powers against Iris’ wishes. (The Flash Vol. 2 #114)

If Nora does indeed hail from a reality as dark as Dawn’s, that would explain her forlorn speech to Cecile in “Therefore She Is” about not having much time. How could such a bleak backstory come into play on The Flash, which tries to maintain a lighter tone and clings to hope above all else? One way rests in a key part of Nora’s identity: the fact that she’s from the future. The show has previously played with time travel, subtly marking the difference between changing the past in “Flashpoint” and changing the future when it came to saving Iris from Savitar. Interestingly enough, Nora’s adventures thus far have followed a path similar to her father’s.

Her reasons for coming to 2018 are unclear, but it’s certain that helping Barry stop the satellite was a “big, big mistake” for Nora to make. The trailer even hints at her revealing a secret about the future to Barry, which might lead the team down another causal loop like the one in Season 3. But it’s important to remember that even if her personal future is dark and depressing, it’s still nothing but a potential outcome. Instead of letting the future’s inevitability weight them down like it has before, Barry and Iris help their daughter with a more enlightened understanding of time travel and the speed force. If nothing else, it’ll be fun to watch Barry teach his daughter the lessons he previously refused to learn.

The future as a malleable experience also has its roots in the comics, which recently allowed Barry and Iris to glimpse a possible future in which the Tornado Twins are criminals hell-bent on getting revenge against their father for not being around enough. Despite being shaken by the prospect, Barry and Iris have since resumed their relationship with the knowledge that just because it could happen doesn’t mean it will. When it comes to The Flash TV show, Nora currently seems like an angel – albeit one who makes as many mistakes as Barry – but what if her brother is the one who has gone rogue? Watching Barry, Iris and the rest of the team trying to save someone they haven’t even met yet would certainly be a new experience.

Nora Allen’s Powers



Nora’s powers are very similar to her father’s:

  • Connection to the speed force
  • Accelerated healing
  • Superhuman agility
  • Superhuman strength
  • Ability to time travel
  • Creation of vortexes
  • Enhanced senses
  • Phasing

The Flash Season 5


Make room for XS!

The possibilities for how to incorporate Dawn’s origins into Nora’s story are endless, but they all promise to make good use of both time travel and family dynamics. And what more could we want from a show about a time traveling speedster whose ever-growing family keeps him on a heroic path?

As for Nora’s journey ahead, FANDOM caught up with actress Jessica Parker Kennedy at San Diego Comic-Con. According to Kennedy, she is definitely a Daddy’s girl. “Nora is a lot like Barry, the way that Barry was earlier on. She’s finding her footing. She’s goofy, she’s dorky, she very young-spirited, she’s prone to making mistakes and needing other people to clean them up — she’s in the experimental phase of her life.”

As for joining the show, Kennedy knew her character’s journey from the beginning. While Nora was lurking at Barry and Iris’ wedding, Kennedy knew exactly who she was and why she was there. “My favorite moment so far has been in the crossover where I talk to him at the wedding. There’s a sense of wondering and imagining what it would be like to meet your parent whom you’ve never met as a young person.”

Does that mean Barry isn’t alive in her timeline? Is that why her relationship with her mother is strained? Kennedy did confirm that her relationship with Iris would be different than her relationship with Barry. “Something has definitely happened that makes her feel more closer to her father than her mother. It’s something that you’ll find out relatively early on in this season.”

The Flash returns to the CW on Tuesdays this fall.

‘The Flash’: Nora’s Big Mistake Will Shake Things Up in Season 5

The post ‘The Flash’: Nora Dawn Allen’s Powers & History appeared first on FANDOM.

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Today in History for July 28th

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Brewers All-Star Josh Hader’s Racism Controversy May Be History Repeating Itself

Stacy Revere/Getty

The real hero in this Josh Hader racist-ass tweets story isn’t the internet snoop who dug up the pure horseshit he wrote when he was seventeen years old and posted it while he was giving up a three-run blast to Mariners shortstop Jean Segura in Tuesday’s MLB All-Star Game (that’s not to say they didn’t do excellent posting, of course—dredging up old racist crap to hold someone accountable is good as hell). No, the hero here is pretty much everyone who has any stake in Josh Hader’s success. Because how the fuck, in 2018, did his girlfriend (who works in PR), his agent, his family, the management of the Brewers, the management of every minor league squad he ever played for, his friends, his lawyer, his teammates, his goddamn dentist, for Christ’s sake, not sit down, grab this idiot by the shoulders, and tell him to scrub everything he posted on the internet before he turned twenty?

I find it pretty hard to believe that Josh Hader is just so decent seeming, a kind and warm presence to everyone he has ever met, constantly giving money to charities and progressive causes, that it never occurred to anyone that he might have done some messed-up posting in his life. No, the only rational conclusion here is that all of these people knew that Hader could be prone to doing something like this when he wore the clothes of a younger man, and they decided, for the good of Josh and for the good of society at large, that letting him get caught and publicly shamed during the climax of his professional life was the only moral option; the only way to allow the universe to force Hader to atone for his youthful racism, homophobia and misogyny.

There is simply no feasible way this oversight could be an oversight at all: this was a deliberate action undertaken by dozens of people designed to drag the hideousness of Hader’s racism into the harsh light of day, hold it on display for all to see, and communicate a lesson to the youth of America who hope to someday play professional sports: it will be found, you will be punished. Clean up your act, check your goddamn privilege and quit being a vile shithead or society will scorn you.

Read more at The Daily Beast.

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How to put your medical history on your iPhone in less than 5 minutes

Apple Health records lets you import your health history right to your iPhone in just a couple of minutes. Here's how to get set up and what it shows you.
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Trump tax cuts help Bank of America have most profitable start in history

Bank of America is off to the most profitable start to a year in its 114-year history. Aided by a tail wind created by the Trump tax cuts, the bank on Monday reported a 33 percent spike in second-quarter profits — exceeding expectations. The increased in profits, to $ 6.8 billion — more than the $ 5.9…
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The top five places history lovers should visit

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Although we like to look towards the future and what some of the science lovers have in store for us, we find history much more exciting than driverless cars. Yep, we love nothing more than looking back into the past and seeing how our ancestors used to live – because everything was completely different. The architecture was like nothing we could ever imagine, the fashion was not the kind of fashion you would see walking down a runway, the food was natural and authentic, and their way of life was not governed by technology. If you’re the same, you might want to check out these cool places across the world.

Athens, Greece

When you think of ancient history, there’s a high chance that you think of Ancient Greece – with their chariots and their pottery, their mythology and their columns. In fact, the lives of those in Ancient Greece have fascinated historians and everyday people for centuries, and if you’re one of those people, you might want to check out the epicenter of Ancient Greek life. Athens is home to the famous Acropolis, the first ever Olympic stadium, the beautiful Parthenon, and all of the columns you could possibly wish for. You know you want to.

Petra, Jordan

Jordan isn’t the kind of destination that anyone would want to visit, but it’s the perfect location if you’re into your history. This gorgeous location is commonly linked to the quest for the Holy Grail and has often been featured in the many Indiana Jones’ movies. In fact, Petra is considered one of the new Seven Wonders of the World and features incredible red rock that is steeped in history. It really does have to be seen to be believed.

Rome, Italy

You had the Greeks, and now you have the Romans! Ancient Rome is considered one of the most fascinating eras in history and is the site of various historical monuments that entice millions of visitors every single year. You can check out the Colosseum, the Catacombs of San Callisto, the Roman Forum and much more. If that wasn’t enough to tempt you, you can also break up your sightseeing with oodles of pizza and gelato. Do you need any more persuading?

Machu Picchu, Peru

If you fancy getting in a workout and enjoying history at the same time, then a trip to Machu Picchu in Peru would not go amiss. Although it will take you four days to trek there, the result at the end of the hike is well worth it. The remains of this civilization will completely blow you away. It’s been perfectly preserved and is crawling with the hints of history. The city is also surrounded by gorgeous mountains that will really leave you speechless.

Cairo, Egypt

When you think of Ancient Egypt, you probably think of pyramids, pharaohs, sphinxes, and desert landscapes – and that’s exactly what modern Cairo has to offer. Although you might need to ignore the cars that drive past the pyramids, the real deals will showcase just how incredibly these structures are. Wander around the desert and truly immerse yourself into the lives of those who lived in Ancient Egypt.

Are you a history buff looking for a brand new adventure? Well, we think we have your next destinations sorted for you…

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Little Known Black History Facts: Beatriz Nascimento

Beatriz Nascimento was a key figure in Brazil’s “Movimento Negro,” or widely know as “The Black Movement of Brazil.” Through her studies, Nascimento raised awareness of “Quilombos,” settlements that housed and even served as sanctuaries for Afro-Brazilians like herself.

Nascimento was born on this day in 1942 as one of 10 siblings. The family was raised in the Cordovil neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro. In 1971, Nascimento graduated from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro with a degree in history, which became the hallmark of her academic career and activism.

While at university, Nascimento became involved in “Movimento Negro,” and worked as an intern for the country’s national archives while studying at Fluminense Federal University. She married Jose do Rosario Freitas Gomes and the pair had a daughter. It was during this period that Nascimento began looking into Quilombos, which loosely translates into “camp site” or “slave hut,” which have long existed in Brazil as havens of African culture and preservation,

Nascimento famously noted in her research that the settlements were far more than havens for Afro-Brazilians but that they were “autonomous spaces of Black liberation.”

As her profile rose, so did Nascimento’s distaste for the racism of the Brazilian Academy of the Sciences.  She began a long career as an outspoken advocate for non-Anglo women across the African diaspora. In 1989, the documentary Ori focused on Nascimento, the movement and the importance of women within in it.

Nascimento’s life was tragically ended in 1995 ]when she was murdered by a man who suspected Nascimento of telling his wife to leave him. She is remembered in academic circles as one of the first prominent Afro-Brazilian women to speak on the history of Black people in the South American nation.

PHOTO: Fair Use

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Today in History for July 10th

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God’s Plan? Drake Makes History With 7 Of The Top Ten Songs On Billboard

(Photo by Jonathan Short/Invision/AP)

NEW YORK (AP) — Drake officially owns the Billboard charts, where seven of his songs currently sit in the Top 10.

All 25 tracks from Drake’s ultra-popular “Scorpion” album, released on June 29, are on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.

His former No. 1 hit, “Nice for What,” returns to the top of the chart, while “Nonstop” debuts at No. 2. Drake’s other songs in the Top 10 are “God’s Plan,” ”In My Feelings,” ”I’m Upset,” ”Emotionless” and “Don’t Matter to Me,” which includes previously recorded vocals from Michael Jackson.

Drake’s new feat breaks the Beatles’ 1964 record, when five of their songs reached the Top 10 in the same week.

Overall, Drake has 31 Top 10 hits, tied with Rihanna. They only trail behind The Beatles (34) and Madonna (38).

“Scorpion” sold 732,171 equivalent albums — based off album sales and streams — to debut at No. 1 on Billboard’s 200 albums chart. The album earned a record-setting 745.9 million on-demand audio streams and is his eighth No. 1 album on the chart.

Since 2009 Drake has launched 186 songs on the Hot 100 chart. He is second to the cast of “Glee,” which has had 207 songs enter the chart.

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China accuses the US of launching the ‘largest trade war in economic history’

China implements retaliatory tariffs on imports from the U.S. immediately after new U.S. duties take effect.
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For The First Time In Its 216-Year History, West Point Gets First Black Superintendent

West Point, America’s premier military college, which didn’t graduate its first black cadet until Reconstruction in 1877, now has its first black superintendent.

For the first time in its 216-year history, Lt. Gen. Darryl Williams, who has held high-ranking posts in Europe and Asia, will become the first black officer to command West Point. He will take over from Lt. Gen. Robert L. Caslen Jr. who is retiring after more than 40 years in the Army, also serving five years as West Point’s superintendent.

William’s appointment, according to the Associated Press, comes less than a year after cadet and Rhodes Scholar, Simone Askew, a black woman from Fairfax, Virginia, was selected as first captain of the Corps of Cadets last summer and graduated in May.

A 1983 graduate of the military college and native of Alexandria, Williams has served first, as deputy chief of staff for the Army in Europe and deputy commanding general for support for the 2nd Infantry Division in South Korea. Recently, he was the commander of NATO’s Allied Land Command in Turkey.

Founded in 1802 along the west bank of the Hudson River 50 miles north of New York, West Point didn’t graduate its first black cadet until 1877. Throughout the 20th century, the military college didn’t graduate another black cadet until Benjamin O. Davis Jr. arrived there in 1932. During his stay, Davis ate alone, roomed alone, and was shunned by fellow cadets because he was black. After his graduation in 1936, he would go on to command the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II, retiring as an Air Force general in 1970. West Point’s newest barracks, per AP, was named after Davis.

For the past couple of years, the U.S. has increasingly shifted its focus on diversifying its ranks, with policies that emphasized inclusion, and marketing campaigns that targeted underrepresented communities. Of the 1,200 incoming members of West Point’s class of 2020, 186 are African Americans.

The post For The First Time In Its 216-Year History, West Point Gets First Black Superintendent appeared first on Black Enterprise.

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The 8 Most Memorable Animated Cats in Disney History

“Everybody wants to be a cat because a cat’s the only cat who knows where it’s at.” These wise words were first sung by Scat Cat in the 1970 animated Disney film The Aristocats. And while the movie is the only Disney cartoon totally dedicated to felines (whereas dogs get 101 Dalmations, Lady and the Tramp, etc.), you can still find Disney cats popping up in some form in almost every movie the company makes.

And just like in real life, the cats in the Disney canon come in a variety of personalities. From mischievous to mysterious, cuddly to cunning, no two Disney cats are alike. Some can talk, while others can only purr. Some take center stage while others simply live as pets. But all of them manage to find a place in our hearts.

Take a look at eight of the most memorable Disney cats and let us know if your favorite feline made the list.

Marie from The Aristocats


Marie from Aristocats

There are plenty of cats to choose from in the aforementioned Disney flick The Aristocats, but we have to highlight cute kitty Marie here. That white fur! Those pink bows! That sass!!! Duchess’ daughter may be one of the cutest cats on the list, but don’t think for a moment that she can’t go toe-to-toe with the fiercest of felines. This kitty doesn’t take anyone’s crap, including any tormenting from her brothers Berlioz and Toulouse. She’s ladylike, but with an edge, as proven with her quote, “Ladies do not start fights, but they can finish them.”

Rajah from Aladdin


rajah from Aladdin

Dogs may be man’s best friend, but Princess Jasmine‘s pet tiger Rajah proves that a giant jungle cat can be pretty dang loyal, too. Without ever saying a word, Rajah is seen all throughout Aladdin protecting his owner in any way he can. And since Jasmine is the most eligible bachelorette in all of Agrabah, Rajah spends most of his time scaring away potential suitors who don’t deserve his owner’s attention.

Tigger from Winnie the Pooh


Tigger from Winnie the Pooh

Tigger is a wonderful creature, as he’ll be the first to tell you, adding that he’s “bouncy, trouncy, flouncy, pouncy, fun, fun, fun, fun, fun!” Sure, it’s redundant, but he certainly gets the point across. While the rest of the residents of the Hundred Acre Wood are in a constant state of fear of Heffalumps or are clinically depressed with a penchant for losing their own tails, Tigger is the one friend Winnie the Pooh can count on to be full of energy and positivity. And in these trying times, that’s a really beautiful thing.

Oliver from Oliver & Company


Oliver from 'Oliver & Company'

The little orange Tabby kitten from the 1988 movie Oliver & Company may have started out as a lonely orphan, but ends up a hero, all while singing some catchy tunes with his dog pal Dodger (Billy Joel). Oliver was raised on the streets of New York by a pack of dogs before eventually being taken in by a little girl named Jenny. And luckily for her, the brave little kitty was around to save her from the evil loan-shark Sykes. Best of all, Oliver was voiced by a young Joey Lawrence in his pre-Blossom days. Woah!

Bagheera from The Jungle Book


Bagheera from 'The Jungle Book'

Bagheera is a wise, level-headed, and intelligent panther who is responsible for rescuing Mowgli in the jungle and bringing him to a pack of wolves to help raise him. Sure, he’s not as fun to be around as Baloo, but we can’t all be the life of the party. We need balance. And that’s what Bagheera brings to the table, consistently going out of his way to make sure the little man-cub is safe from his jungle enemies, including a less-friendly Disney cat, the tiger Shere Khan.

Cheshire Cat from Alice in Wonderland


Cheshire Cat from Alice in Wonderland

The Chesire Cat is constantly smiling from ear to ear, but if you lived your life in a constant state of mischief, you would be too! Disappearing and reappearing as he sees fit, the pink and purple cat sometimes helps Alice in her journey through Wonderland, but other times can’t help himself from causing trouble, including causing mishaps in order to get the Queen of Hearts to lose her temper. But he’s nothing if not self-aware, and is the only character in Wonderland who acknowledges (and proudly admits) to being mad.

Lucifer from Cinderella


Lucifer from Cinderella

Cinderella‘s wicked stepmother Lady Tremaine is not a nice woman and she found the perfect pet to match her nasty qualities — her spoiled cat, Lucifer. While his love for eating is highly relatable, the fact that Lucifer wants to eat Cinderella’s mice friends makes his feeding time a lot more disturbing. The only thing he loves more than eating mice is making Cinderella’s life miserable, and he goes to great lengths to achieve both. Despite his wicked ways, he’s ultimately part of the movie to provide comic relief, so at least his failures provide us with a few laughs along the way.

Simba from The Lion King


Simba from 'The Lion King'

There are so many amazing cats to choose from in The Lion King, but Simba is the heart and soul of the film (and the jungle). As an impressionable young cub, he just wants to follow in his father’s footsteps and become a mighty king. Meddling from his evil uncle, Scar, may set him back, but at least it allows him to get some outside mentoring from Timon and Pumbaa, helping to make him the well-rounded lion we know and love today.

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Today in History for June 30th

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Best countries to visit for history buffs

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When many of us go on vacation, we like to learn a little bit about the country we are visiting. Thankfully, there is a whole world of history just waiting to be discovered. While we can read and learn about times gone by, there is no substitute for going to these places and really feeling what the world was like often hundreds of years ago.

Italy – Rome, and Pompeii

The Colosseum in Rome is one of the most famous structures to have survived Ancient Roman times, and it is still largely intact. You can step into this colossal arena and imagine what it was like to have thousands of Romans baying for your blood as you took on the mighty gladiators. You can head to Pompeii on a day trip from Rome and uncover just how the Romans used to live. Pompeii was unfortunately at the base of a volcano that erupted and perfectly preserved much of the town as it was back in the Roman times. You can walk along the streets, entering the houses and imagine how the inhabitants used to live.

Greece – Athens

Athens was the world’s center for the arts and philosophy between 508 – 322 BCE. You can visit the city that is widely regarded as the birthplace of democracy, and you can enter the ancient citadel of the Acropolis of Athens during your visit. Many of the great philosophers from history were born here, including Plato and Socrates and you can get close to the history through the many museums in the city.

Cambodia – Angkor Wat

Visitors to Cambodia must check out the temple of Angkor Wat. This temple has been preserved since the 12th century and is considered to be the largest religious monument in the world. There are faces carved from stone on the outside of the building that are so detailed it will leave you wondering how they were so capable of such skillful masonry 800 years ago. The inside walls are decorated with engravings and visitors are able to roam inside the temple walls to transport themselves back in time.

Egypt – Cairo

The pyramids in Egypt are some of the most iconic structures in human history. Their unusual shape and design really exhibit what you can achieve if you are a tyrannical empire forcing citizens into slave labor. These giant pyramids were built as a final resting place for some of the rulers of the time, where they would be mummified and buried with their treasures. Amazingly, visitors are allowed into these ancient structures to see what was buried within.

Poland – Auschwitz

One of the reasons many people study history is to learn from the mistakes of our ancestors. One of the worst atrocities the world has ever seen is the Holocaust that resulted in the deaths of millions of Jewish people at the hands of the evil German rule leading up to the Second World War and during the conflict. Auschwitz, in Poland, is home to a well-preserved concentration camp used to house and execute Jewish people. Visitors are allowed onto the sight, and it serves as a harrowing reminder of how awful people were treated in relatively recent times.

If you have an interest in human history then thankfully there are still some surviving ancient structures for you to go and check out. They are mostly in disrepair, but that doesn’t take away from the sense of awe you feel when stepping inside. Sometimes they are places of triumph and other times you cannot escape the feeling of deep sorrow.

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Trump’s Dow Jones rally no longer the best in history

The Trump rally has some competition. The gains in the Dow Jones industrial average since President Trump was elected, which had been by far the best in the past 50 years for any first term president at the six-, 12- and 18-month marks, are now just the second-best. Due to an almost 1 percent decline…
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Today in History for June 23rd

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Former Kanye Collaborator Virgil Abloh Makes History At Louis Vuitton

(AP Photo/Francois Mori)

PARIS (AP) — The debut Louis Vuitton collection by Virgil Abloh, the first African-American to head a major European fashion house, drew stars of all stripes to Paris for his rainbow-themed menswear show.

Kanye West was there with his wife, Kim Kardashian West, who had returned to Paris for the first time since she was tied up and robbed at gunpoint during an October 2016 jewelry heist. Model Bella Hadid weathered a prevailing hot spell behind shades, while Rihanna and Naomi Campbell arrived for the big event of Paris Fashion Week at the last minute.

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Here are some highlights from Thursday’s spring-summer menswear shows:

LOUIS VUITTON’S INCLUSIVE RAINBOW

“It is a big, big day,” Bella Hadid said as she took her seat in the yellow section of Louis Vuitton’s multicolored set.

“It’s great,” chimed in Rihanna, who rocked a hip, white LV jumpsuit.

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It was clear by the mood at the show that expectations for artistic director Abloh’s debut were at stratospheric levels.

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And Abloh did not squander his moment. There was deep and thoughtful symbolism throughout the 56 multicolored looks.

White dominated the first designs. The hue, which signifies purity or new beginnings, also inspired Abloh’s first main fashion venture, the Milan-based house Off-White.

Instagram Photo
On Thursday, it was the base color for sheer T-shirts, LV fitted jackets and loose pleated pants that were accessorized with broken white chains that hung from bags and dragged on the floor. All of the models displaying the garments were black.

Colors then flourished.

A fluorescent yellow breast-plate top began a leitmotif of cage-like garments, such as orange ribbed vests and fluorescent side bibs.

Abloh literally went over the rainbow for the show’s best looks, which channeled “The Wizard of Oz.” A black and white jacquard double-breasted tailored jacket had an image of Judy Garland on the back.

___

VICTOR CRUZ IS PROUD OF HISTORIC MOMENT

Abloh’s Louis Vuitton debut was recognized as a history-making moment for fashion.

American football player Victor Cruz, 31, who has African-American and Puerto Rican roots, told The Associated Press: “I’m happy to be alive and be part of this, because this hasn’t happened before in my generation.”

Cruz, who arrived with Hadid, said having an African-American designer leading a European heritage house for the first time was “opening the door. People now have to pay attention to minorities and the culture that we are shaping for ourselves.”

“This forces them to pay attention to us now,” he continued. “Pay attention in a real way, and not just inviting us to their shows. There are more doors opening to us now.”

PHOTO: AP

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Today in History for June 15th

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Little Known Black History Fact: Richard Allen

Bishop Richard Allen, the founder of the A.M.E. Church, was a hero to many and a bust erected in his honor in 1876 is thought to be first of its kind created by and for African-Americans. The monument was unveiled in Philadelphia’s Fairmount Park during the Centennial International Exposition of 1876, the first official “World’s Fair.”

Allen was born into slavery on February 14, 1760, and though details of his place of birth have been heavily debated, some saying Delaware is his birth state. After hearing a white Methodist preacher rail against slavery, Allen converted to Methodism at 17, and was later able to buy his freedom for $ 2,000 to relocate to Philadelphia.

In 1799, Allen became the first Black ordained minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and in 1816, with the help of other Black Methodist churches, founded the African Methodist Episcopal church. Bishop Allen was a vocal opponent of slavery who inspired enslaved and free Black people who shared his passion to see all people free.

The bust of Allen was on display at the exposition but later ended up in the hands of Wilberforce University in Ohio into where it sat, neglected and in storage. In 2010, Wilberforce loaned the bust out for a ceremony marking Allen’s 250th birthday at the First District A.M.E. headquarters.

 

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Today in History for June 10th

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Justify Wins the 13th Triple Crown in Horse Racing History

As Justify raced out to an early lead at Saturday’s Belmont Stakes, and held it for the whole mile-a-half, the chestnut colt’s trainer, Bob Baffert, stood stoically in the stands next to his wife Jill, arms folded. Baffert, his snow white mane the most recognizable head of hair in this sport, tends to ooze sexagenarian cool. This was no different. Justify was about to win Baffert his second Triple Crown since 2015; horse racing had waited 37 years until one of Baffert’s horses ended the drought three years ago. No biggie.

Until it was. After the last furlong, as Justify galloped ever closer to the finish, it became clearer that a late rush from Gronkowski — yes, a horse named after the goofy New England Patriots football player — was just that. Too late. Baffert leap a little, shouted and let his arms fly before hugging his wife. When American Pharoah won in 2015, ending that near four-decade string of Triple Crown misses, Baffert remembered Belmont’s roar. This time was, well, different. “I wasn’t even paying attention to the crowd,” Baffert said after Justify won the 13th Triple Crown in horse racing history. “I could just enjoy the race. I could just take it all in.”

That 37-year wait for the Triple Crown of horse racing was at the same time exasperating, demoralizing, and borderline comical. Why can’t one of these thoroughbreds just win three athletic competitions in a row? Bad baseball teams do that all the time. A horse couldn’t pull that off in nearly four decades? Yes, winning the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont within a five-week window is an incredible challenge. But sports fans aren’t famous for rational reactions. So when American Pharoah won the Triple Crown, the hoards of joyous horse racing fans shook Belmont Park, right outside New York City, to its core. A generation of pent-up frustration spilled out of the crowd.

Justify, who raced to a wire-to-wire victory that was tight, but never really in doubt, sparked plenty of euphoria as he crossed the finish. A few spectators wept. But Justify won’t be lauded as horse racing’s history savior, like American Pharoah. Justify ended a three-year Triple Crown drought. As he headed down the Belmont stretch, victory in sight, he didn’t carry the same weight.

For Justify, being one of the finest athletes of our time will have to do. Though some of his supporters put him on a higher pedestal. “I think he’s the greatest of all-time,” says Mike Smith, Justify’s 52-year-old jockey. “I just won the Triple Crown, man. He’s my champion.”

In the hours before the race, Justify rested in Belmont’s Barn 1, across the street from a Wendy’s, undistracted by the beer-soaked fans who reveled close by – including one who nearly relieved himself on a tree. After a pre-race bath, and a parade around the paddock, Justify entered the gate and broke a little too far to the left at the start. But he was still too fast to lose any ground. “He just listens to everything I say.” says Smith. “Every time I just want him to take breather, I just put my hands back down and he’ll settle right back down. And if I squeeze him a bit, he’ll jump right back again.”

Justify’s stunning rise puts him in the pantheon of great horses. He became the first thoroughbred to win the Kentucky Derby without racing as a two-year-old since 1882, aka the Chester Arthur administration. Baffert compares him to a walk-on player on a college basketball team who suddenly becomes a star: no one saw him coming. The chestnut colt with a pronounced white blaze won on slop at the Kentucky Derby and Preakness; even on a faster track on a clear day at Belmont, his opponents couldn’t outrun him. Justify’s owners are betting on his international appeal. Smith wore the colors of the China Horse Club, one of Justify’s owners, on race day; the red outfit with yellow starts resembled the Chinese flag, as the China Horse Club’s seeking to grow the sport there.

The snowy mane of Baffert, horse whisperer to the stars, is now known the world over. Before the race he was incredibly loose, joking about how his daughter can’t name five horses he’s trained — when pressed, she failed to prove him wrong — and how his sons were actually sober for this race, unlike in 2015. He noted that a man dressed in a Burger King costume would appear in his box, like he did for the American Pharoah race. The product placement funds, he noted, will go to charity. “The King is back,” says Baffert. “F—ing A.”

Baffert also talked about how this experience differed from three years go. “Pharoah was the champion, he was the hero,” says Baffert. “You could tell, man, this was it, this has to be the horse. This guy [Justify], everyone keeps waiting for him to get beat, you know? With Pharoah, the trainers, the other jockeys, the respected him. This guy, they’re not going to just hand it to him.”

Baffert’s message to Smith before the race: Justify’s got a full tank. Just don’t use it all too soon.

The trainer of both Justify and American Pharoah becomes just the second to ever win the Triple Crown twice — “Sunny Jim” Fitzsimmons also did it twice, with Gallant Fox and Omaha in the 1930s. He’s often asked to pit American Pharoah against Justify, but won’t take the bait. “I don’t really have to compare them because if they make this wall,” he says, looking over at pictures of other Triple Crown winner that hang in a cramped Belmont Park film theater, “that’s all you need to say.” Baffert does let on that Pharoah was the more friendly, playful horse. “He has a human touch,” says Baffert. “I finally got to pet Justify after the race today. He let his guard down. He’s just a tough guy.”

Justify gave Baffert his 16th victory as trainer in the Triple Crown series — five Kentucky Derbies, seven Preaknesses and three Belmonts — breaking a tie with D. Wayne Lukas for tops all-time. An impressive feat for Baffert, racing’s most marketable two-legged star, for sure. But most important, Justify’s victory assures that we won’t have to wait another 37 years to see a Triple Crown. Many sports fans have just a passing interest in horse racing, only tuning in during May and June, when a Triple Crown’s on the line. And that’s fine. It’s nice to be spoiled by so much winning for a change.

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South African fossils rewrite early history of life on land

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Fossils of two amphibians that lived within the Antarctic circle 360 million years ago are forcing scientists to rethink the origins of land vertebrates, including where these pioneers first appeared and the climatic conditions that spawned them.


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Theatre Throwback: June 7th, 2018 | Inside the History of ‘The Lion King’

Today, Natalie goes deep into the history of “The Lion King” on Broadway, including its surprising Tony win. Four-year-old Natalie singing “The Circle of Life” in the car: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hqyzmEF3nVM This summer, Natalie Noack will be hosting “Theatre Throwback” as a standalone episode for BroadwayRadio. Natalie Noack: @Natalie_Noack | Facebook BroadwayRadio: @BroadwayRadio | Facebook
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Carrie Underwood makes history again at CMT Music Awards, Blake Shelton wins top prize

Carrie Underwood continued to make history as the most decorated act at the CMT Music Awards with 18 wins, while Blake Shelton walked away with the night’s top prize.

Shelton, the only person to win two awards Wednesday, won video of the year for “I’ll Name the Dogs” at the Bridgestone Arena in…

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Visit Athens, Greece for the history but stay for the hot new bar and restaurant scene

History will always be top draw in Athens, one of the world’s oldest cities. But innovative bars, restaurants and street art are pumping fresh life into the Greek capital’s core, imbuing its most accessible neighborhoods with a post-modern cultural pulse that recalls recent-vintage Brooklyn, or…

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Little Known Black History Fact: Sojourner Truth

On this day in 1843 at the age of 52, Isabella Baumfree became Sojourner Truth and devoted the next 40 years of her life into liberating her people and spreading the gospel.

Born in New York State presumably around 1797 as Isabella Baumfree, she was bought and sold for much of her young life. In 1815, she met and fell in love with a slave from another farm, Robert, and had a daughter, Diana. The pair would never see each other again, and Baumfree was forced to marry another slave, Thomas. The pair eventually had three children.

New York was close to passing a law to abolish slavery in 1826 when Baumfree’s owner denied her the freedom he’d promised. She escaped with her daughter that year. Her five-year-old son, Peter, was illegally sold to a man in Alabama and Baumfree successfully sued to gain her son’s freedom, one of the first instances of such success.

Baumfree converted to Christianity and moved to New York City with her son in 1829. She did domestic work for a church and alleged cult leader, enduring hardships and accusations that she poisoned a popular rival church leader. Truth successfully sued the couple who brought the false claims. After losing her son a second time in 1842 when he took a job on a whaling ship, she began life as Sojourner Truth in 1843.

Embracing the ideals of Methodism and the abolition of slavery, Truth joined an abolitionist society and connected with great minds of the movement such as Frederick Douglass and William Lloyd Garrison.  At the 1851 Ohio Women’s Rights Convention, Truth delivered her famous “Ain’t I A Woman” speech which cemented her as a leader in the women’s rights movement.

Truth worked tirelessly into her old age to continue to help liberate free or escaped slaves while focusing on prison reform, women’s suffrage and other causes.

Sojourner Truth passed in 1833 at the age of 92.

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The VA’s history of setbacks and missteps

The VA has been accused of being too bureaucratic. But it hasn’t always been struggling. When did things go so wrong?
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7 Most Frustrating Video Game Enemies in History

Like any form of entertainment, video games have characters we identify with, characters we love, and characters we hate. Those last two categories can often become blurred because while we all support the hero, there’s nothing more exciting than a good villain.

Some of those enemies earn a place in our lives not by being good or memorable, but because they are so annoying that we cringe every time we encounter them. Fill your bag with repels, infrared scopes, and swords and let’s embark on this quest to find the most annoying enemies in video game history.

Regeneradors (Resident Evil 4)


The Regeneradores are ugly, terrifying and can easily kill you if you are not prepared.
The Regeneradores are ugly, terrifying and can easily kill you if you are not prepared.

In a game plagued with disgusting and terrifying enemies, you may think that genetically engineered monsters could be just one more of the same. But these gray nightmares in Resident Evil 4 pack a dark secret. Well, 2-5 dark secrets to be more precise.


The parasites inside the Regeneradores seen using the Infrared Scope.
The parasites inside the Regeneradores seen using the Infrared Scope.

Turns out that to kill the Regeneradors you have to use an infrared scope and locate 2-5 really small parasites inside their bodies and shoot them. Every other damage inflicted can be easily regenerated, including shooting their limbs off.

Besides, you always encounter them in small spaces and you have to kill them super fast. All while protecting Ashley and dodging their attacks. Easy peasy lemon squeezy.

Skeleton Wheel/Wheel Skeletons (Dark Souls)


If hell actually exists, it is plagued with these things.
If hell exists, it is plagued with these things.

Skeleton Wheels are a great example of annoying enemies that are necessary. I assume that the idea behind them was to teach you to be a hunter: silent, deadly, and fast. Because if you’re not, then you are just in for some constant disappointment.

Dark Souls is a punishing game, but come on, fast enemies that attack in packs and break your guard (no matter what you do) causing you to be staggered, even if you are equipped to prevent this? These are just plain unfair, even by Dark Souls standards.

These nasties, who first appeared in the first Dark Souls game, are ready to group up and run down anyone foolhardy enough to drop off the cliffs in the Catacombs. By rolling into you, their rapid attacks would deplete your stamina and effectively stunlock you. We enjoyed a brief respite before they snuck into a side area in Dark Souls III.

Pole Vaulting Zombie (Plants vs. Zombies)


These guys are a nightmare in the early levels of PVZ.
These guys are a nightmare in the early levels of ‘PvZ.’

For gamers like me who place all of our plants symmetrically, the pole vaulting zombie in Plants vs Zombies was a nightmare. He usually jumped over your first line of defense, leaving whatever was behind completely helpless.

This is where most of us started to freak out because you had to hurriedly put some plant there. And if you already used all of your last resource plants like the Cherry Bomb, it meant some poor sunflower had to suffer a slow and agonizing death, or worse, you got a game over screen. Definitely an annoying and frustrating nightmare.

Malboro (Final Fantasy)


You eventually learn to dread those two words.
You eventually learn to dread those two words.

Malboros are dreaded by almost every Final Fantasy fan, and not just because of them being strange and ugly-looking creatures, but rather because of their signature attack — Bad Breath. These two simple words mean that one of your party members is going to be afflicted with most, if not all, possible status ailments in the game.

If you weren’t properly prepared to deal with status ailments, you can easily see how a single Malboro wipes out your entire party. Because these creatures don’t only inflict status ailments, after they’ve done so, they proceed to relentlessly attack your party.

To add insult to the injury, Malboros often have a decent amount of HP and are also kind of heavy-hitters. A round of applause for the FF character creators.

Creepers (Minecraft)


These things are silent, deadly, and destructive.
These things are silent, deadly, and destructive.

Minecraft was a phenomenon that most gamers didn’t understand at first. But once you got the hang of it and started to enjoy the freedom of its open world, everyone did the same: build a house.

So you spent hours farming for the materials needed to create your dream house and when you finally stepped back to admire your polygonal architectural prowess, you suddenly hear that hissing sound. And voilà! Just like that, hours of your life are lost because one of those green hell-spawns decided to spawn close to you. Thank you so much, Markus.

Monks/Missionaries (Age of Empires II)


Their praying fx was one of the most dreaded sounds in AOEII.
Their praying fx was one of the most dreaded sounds in ‘AOEII.’

The Monks and Missionaries were very interesting units in Age of Empires II because they introduced a very cool mechanic: converting enemy units so they instantly became part of your army. A bit overkill, but so far so good, right? No! The thing is, developers also added a healing function transforming the Monks into one of the most powerful (and overpowered) support units in the entire game.

Monks are sneaky, cheap to create, hard to counter, and, in great numbers, capable of converting entire villages. You knew you were screwed when your precious (and very expensive) Trebuchets, Elephants, and War Wagons suddenly faced an army of monks because when they started to pray, there was no turning back.

Zubats (Pokémon)


Your final Pokémon is about to faint? It would be a shame if you couldn't scape...
Your final Pokémon is about to faint? It would be a shame if you couldn’t escape…

Caves in Pokémon games are often really dark and full of wild Pokémon. Literally, every step you take has a 50/50 chance of triggering an encounter. That could be great if you got to meet lots of different Pokémon. However, caves feature mostly one Pokémon: the Zubat.

These non-menacing looking bats have one prominent ability: Supersonic. This is a non-elemental attack that confuses your Pokémon leaving them with a 50% chance of causing themselves damage instead of attacking the other Pokémon.

Pair that with the fact that escaping isn’t guaranteed and you are in for a frustrating encounter where if your luck runs out, a single Zubat can whip your entire party.

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Little Known Black History Fact: Freedom Riders

Freedom Rider George Raymond

The goals of the courageous “Freedom Riders,” a collective of Black and white civil rights activists who rode buses into the deep South to protest segregation on bus lines, faced major odds in the early ’60’s. On this day in 1961, 27 riders were arrested amid a warning from then Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy to consider another option.

The group of riders made their way from Montgomery, Alabama to Jackson, Mississippi with measurable support despite efforts by law enforcement to break their ranks. The riders were arrested at the Jackson bus station and detained at Parchman, an infamous maximum-security prison in the city. According to reports, the judge in the matter famously turned his head as the riders offered their defense. Ultimately, the NAACP appealed the convictions all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court and had them all overturned.

Kennedy’s statement carried a sense of foreboding as protesters and counter-protesters alike gathered between Alabama and Mississippi. He noted that racial tensions were high and all of the media fervor about the protests would also attract unwanted attention from bystanders not partial to either cause. In his statement, Kennedy wrote “a mob asks no questions” in reference to the potential for violence that did occur.

Despite the best efforts of whites who resisted the Freedom Riders movement, the Interstate Commerce Commission, with broad support from the administration of President John F. Kennedy, prohibited the segregation of interstate transit terminals in the fall of that year.

 

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History in Georgia as 4 states vote ahead of midterms

ATLANTA (AP) — It was a big night for women Tuesday as four states cast primary and runoff ballots, with Georgia Democrats taking the lead by giving Atlanta lawyer Stacey Abrams a chance to become the first black female governor in American history.
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The Real History Behind Book Burning and Fahrenheit 451

When the HBO adaptation of Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 premieres on Saturday, the movie will introduce a contemporary twist to the centuries-long history of burning books — one in which Bradbury’s story plays a significant role.

References to book burning date back far into history: The Chinese Emperor Shih Huang Ti “thought that if he burned all the documents in his kingdom, history would begin with him” in 213 BCE, TIME previously noted. And when “the Mongols sacked Baghdad in 1258, the waters of the Tigris were said to have run black with ink from all the destroyed books.” But, experts say, book burning as we know it today is a relatively recent development.

“In the modern sense, it’s very much a mid-20th century idea, very much a propaganda thing that happens during World War II,” says Matthew Fishburn, author of Burning Books.

The defining moment for that modern history came in 1933, with one of history’s most infamous book-burnings — the one that prompted TIME to coin the word “bibliocaust.” It was that year, in Berlin and elsewhere, that Nazi forces led the burning of tens of thousands of books, from the works of Sigmund Freud to those of Jack London. Along with the Nazi ideology that there existed a superior race of people came the idea that there was one true cultural and ideological canon; that which didn’t fit was consigned to the fire.

“The old goes up in flames, the new shall be fashioned from the flame in our hearts,” Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels told the crowd then, as TIME reported.

As the scholar Rebecca Knuth explained to Smithsonian.com last year, the path to that moment in 1933 in some ways starts with the printing press and the subsequent spread of mass media. Whereas hand-written manuscripts that predated movable type were more valuable for their scarcity, relatively few people had access to them and not everyone understood just how much the distribution of knowledge could change world events. Although books had always been (and still are) incidentally destroyed or stolen in times of conflict, it was only later that their destruction gained greater symbolism, even as they became easier to replace. (What TIME called a “bibliocaust” Knuth has called “libricide,” which she uses to describe the 20th-century phenomenon of “large-scale, regime-sanctioned destruction of books and libraries” within “a framework of genocide and ethnocide.”)

As the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum points out in its record of that moment in 1933, Germany’s history of burning books didn’t start with the Nazis. In 1817, for the 300th anniversary of Martin Luther’s launching of Protestantism, students held a major burning of “Un-German” books. According to Fishburn, by the time of the Nazi book-burning, in some ways the practice would have seemed “weirdly anachronistic,” a holdover from an earlier time when burning a book could have actually made a difference in what people knew.

“Books were in such multiples, thanks to industrial book production,” Fishburn explains, “the idea that you could get rid of the books you didn’t like seemed impossible.”

That is perhaps, he says, why it took a little while for the wider world to understand what the Nazis were up to. Some authors initially felt pride to have been included in such a bonfire, and Fishburn says that some book lovers in English-speaking countries expressed a certain wistfulness that in Germany books were thought to hold such power. But the Nazi authorities really were out to close off society to certain ideas, and they were unfortunately far more successful at it than many expected.

When that truth became clear, the modern power of book-burning was reinforced — as was the idea that to be the one burning the books was a sure sign of villainy.

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In 1945, after the Allies defeated the Nazis, Berlin saw another round of what was described as a “literary cleanup” — this time an anti-Nazi one — that TIME noted was “not quite like Goebbels’ book-burning; but yet it was quite like it.” In general, though the U.S. government participated in this effort, it did so with a consciousness that it was better to quietly pulp the undesirable books than to burn them publicly.

“It becomes very bad to be labeled a book burner, but it’s not necessarily considered bad to just clear out whole shelves of books from a public institution,” Fishburn says.

The taboo against book-burning was highlighted when, not long after, the United States experienced its own period of fear about books that didn’t fit in. In the 1940s and ’50s, as the Cold War took seed, the country saw its share of book-burnings. In 1940, members of the Binghamton, N.Y., Board of Education, for example, proposed a public burning of textbooks thought to be subversive. (In a crucial distinction from the Nazi book-burning, most American incidents took place on the local level; the federal government was well aware of the backlash that would come with publicly burning books, says Fishburn.)

In 1953, at the height of the American book-burning debate, the American Library Association and American Book Publishers Council issued a statement defending “the freedom to read.” It was that same year that President Eisenhower delivered a commencement address at Dartmouth imploring students, “Don’t join the book burners.” As Fishburn notes in his book, Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 came out in 1953, having been written in the context of this national conversation. Fishburn posits that “the iconic role of book burning in the popular imagination took hold, and an orthodox position on book burning was forged” in this period between 1933 and 1953.

Book-burning by then had become a sort of shorthand: if you are on the side of book-burners, you’ve already lost the argument.

The release of Fahrenheit 451 in many ways marks the end, or at least the culmination, of the modern era of book-burning. The Nazis had reintroduced the idea to society and the U.S. had learned the hard way that, due in large part to that association, the practice was taboo. By the time Bradbury wrote his book, the symbolism of the idea would have been clear to all of his readers — and it still holds today.

As Knuth notes in Burning Books and Leveling Libraries, the 20th-century phenomenon of mass regime-sponsored destruction of books has been accompanied, especially more recently, by more scattershot small-scale destruction, such as a Koran-burning planned by a small Florida church in 2010. This works on the same theory as mass book burning does: books represent ideas, and destroying them is also a surefire way to get attention, even if it doesn’t entirely accomplish what the book-burners wanted.

And large-scale book burning does continue: In 2013, al-Qaeda-affiliated militants in Mali burned the library in Timbuktu and in 2015 ISIS burned books from Mosul’s library, as a show of both ideological and territorial conquest.

So, though the prime era of book-burning has passed, and with it the atmosphere that created Fahrenheit 451, the symbolism is baked into the world’s memory, and words on fire are still a tragically powerful image. As TIME’s Lance Morrow wrote in 1988, after a fire at the main library of the Soviet National Academy of Sciences in Leningrad, “whenever books burn, one is haunted by a sense of mourning.”


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‘Catfish’ Host Nev Schulman Already Has a History of Assault

AP

MTV announced Thursday that it has halted production on Catfish, the MTV series co-hosted by Nev Schulman and Max Joseph, due to sexual misconduct allegations against Schulman by Ayissha Morgan, a woman who appeared on the series in 2015.

On May 12, Morgan posted a YouTube video where she alleged that Schulman harassed her during the production of her episode. Morgan, a lesbian, said Schulman (referred to by pseudonym “Jack” in the video) kept pushing her to reevaluate her sexuality so she would sleep with him. Two days later, Morgan posted another video alleging that a female production assistant got her drunk and took advantage of her. Morgan says she was subsequently invited to Schulman’s room, where he propositioned her again.

Schulman has denied the claims via his publicist, issuing the following statement: “The behavior described in this video did not happen and I’m fortunate that there are a number of former colleagues who were present during this time period who are willing to speak up with the truth. I have always been transparent about my life and would always take responsibility for my actions—but these claims are false.” Regardless, MTV has halted production until they can conduct their own investigation. In a statement sent to The Daily Beast, an MTV spokesperson said, “We take these allegations very seriously. We’re working with Critical Content, our third party production company, to conduct a thorough investigation, and we’ve put a pause on shooting until the investigation is completed.”

Read more at The Daily Beast.

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Minnesota Democrats wage war on God, faith and American history

A bill in the Minnesota Senate that would allow schools in the state to voluntarily display the national motto “In God We Trust” has state Democrats spiraling into fits of outrage, because God offends them.
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Today in History for March 12th

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Joshua Leonard on His Horror History, Terrifying Claire Foy in ‘Unsane’

Although actor Joshua Leonard has successfully avoided being labeled as “the horror guy” ever since bursting onto the genre scene in 1999’s The Blair Witch Project, that doesn’t mean he’s sworn off scares forever. Movies like The Town That Dreaded Sundown (2014) and Shark Night 3D kept a big toe dipped in terrifying waters, but his work as Steven Soderbergh’s nice-guy stalker “David Strine” in this year’s Unsane might be this former found footage victim’s most terrifying portrayal yet. Once an urban legend’s prey has now become the hunter, as Leonard’s lovestruck maniac finds himself at the center of Claire Foy’s incarceration nightmare. Sometimes it’s just fun to be bad — though, as you’ll read below, David is far from a lighthearted comic book antagonist.

FANDOM sat down with the performer and picked apart what it took to create David from scratch. As you can expect, Joshua Leonard “the man” is nothing like his on-screen representation in Unsane. This led to discussions about what classic movies were watched to inspire his wicked ways, what creepy art project may or may not have totally freaked Claire Foy out, and how it felt to be a joyous new father whose alter ego was as dark as La Brea’s tar pits. It certainly wasn’t an easy role to stomach, but who can say no to Steven Soderbergh?

FANDOM: In Unsane, you take a typical movie stalker role and make it your own. Were you inspired by any other films or societal occurrences throughout your preparation?

Leonard: When I first got offered the role — and rapidly accepted — I put a call out on social media for stalker film recommendations. I didn’t realize — until doing so — that there is an entire subgenre of stalker films. I don’t think I’d made that correlation in my mind. You start with Misery, then Fatal Attraction, Single White Female, Play Misty For Me, King Of Comedy. There were some others, too. Chuck And Buck — shout out to my dear friend Miguel Arteta for making one of the more epic, awkward indie stalker films.

I watched all of those and then – on a more serious note – talked to female friends of mine who had been the victims of stalking. It’s just a petrifying thing to have happen to you. A true violation of personal space and safety.

Then I spent a couple days cutting pictures of Claire Foy out of magazines and printing them out from the internet. I made a five foot by five-foot collage of [Foy’s character Sawyer Valentini] and David’s life together. That kind of really put me in the headspace.

FANDOM: Method acting is what they call that, I think?

Leonard: [Laughing] That was as method as I got on this one, luckily. It did help, and it was funny because I made this really upsetting, super creepy collage that I didn’t want my wife or our housekeeper to see so I kept hiding it.

FANDOM: Behind a drape or something?

Leonard: Oh yeah. Then I took a couple pictures on my phone and sent them to [Steven Soderbergh] just to say, “Doing a little character work. Hope you appreciate it.” He loved them and texted right back.

Unfortunately I forgot about them entirely until a week into production after a very long day of work. Claire and I were having a dinner bonding session after shooting all day. We were showing each other pictures of our babies on our phones and she scrolled right by one of those. I jumped for my phone…

FANDOM: Did it get a reaction?

Leonard: [Laughing] She said, “What the f–k is that?” I think I had her convinced I was a pretty decent guy by that point, but the picture of the collage that I made destroyed any such notion of that. To her credit, she proceeded to spend another ten minutes zooming in and staring at it, laughing hysterically. Then she made me send her copies of it.

FANDOM: So a happy ending.

Leonard: A happy ending, but it could have gone either way.


Unsane Joshua Leonard Claire Foy
Leonard takes mind games to the next level in ‘Unsane’

FANDOM: Did you know what you were getting into when you accepted the role of David? Did Steven Soderbergh prepare you for the darkness, or provoke more madness on set?

Leonard: I had read the script before I talked to him for the first time. Unsane is one of those projects where the movie we made was in the script.

[Steven Soderbergh] brought together such a wonderful, weird group of actors. Everybody brings something very special and specific to their own part, but in terms of the feel of the piece and the twists and turns and who the antagonist is, we used the script as a blueprint. I totally knew what I was getting into. I don’t mind playing bad guys. It can be a lot of fun. David was not necessarily a fun character to play because he’s not a fun villain. He’s a very sad villain.

FANDOM: Sadly somewhat more realistic, too.

Leonard: A guy with some real problems of his own and a real sense of empty loneliness who then takes that and really destroys other people’s lives with it. It’s not…

FANDOM: You’re not a Tarantino villain or something.

Leonard: Exactly. Or I’m not a Daniel Day-Lewis in Gangs Of New York — Bill the Butcher.

In our first conversation, I told [Steven Soderbergh] that he’d been a hero of mine for 20+ years. I said I would come out and played a chair in his film if he wanted me to – but I’d never played a role like David. I was curious what he saw in me because the script came in as a straight offer. I wanted to know what the qualities were that he thought that I could bring to David specifically that would help him tell his story.

He said it was more a sense of earnestness and the fact that I wasn’t inherently threatening that interested him. In terms of what I worked on when I got on set, I just did the best I could. It’s a film. Some of it’s really heightened, some of it could happen and some of it probably wouldn’t – but in terms of the character work itself, I just tried to keep it as rooted in David’s brokenness as possible as opposed to going outside of that and making him scarier.

FANDOM: Let’s dive into the filmmaking style a bit. How strange was it not to see these giant camera rigs on set because Steven Soderbergh is using cellphones the whole time?

Leonard: For me it was really exciting. I’ve kept a toe in the indie world long enough that I’ve had some cool opportunities to do some big, behemoth productions, but I think the truly unique experience on Unsane that I didn’t even anticipate going in was the fact that we’re so used to iPhones in our lives that they become really easy to forget. That there’s even a camera there.

FANDOM: You just see people on their iPhones.

Joshua Leonard: It’s an omnipresent piece of technology. The iPhone itself doesn’t feel threatening or sacred so I think it gave us a lot more room to play and be in these rooms with each other. You almost forget that you’re making a movie sometimes.

FANDOM: From an audience perspective, framing was a lot wider. Bigger spaces in focus. Rooms were captured in their full view. Someone would enter all the way on one side and have to walk across the whole area in a static hold where you eliminate the tracking of characters.

Leonard: There’s still certain limitations to shooting on the iPhone that I think will be worked out within the next couple years. You’re capturing in 4K native so you’re capturing a very high quality image, but in terms of focus pulling it’s still very tricky. Because of the chip size you’ve still got this huge depth of field on the cameras where everything’s in focus so [Steven Soderbergh] — being a master filmmaker — understood the medium that we were shooting on. He organized the aesthetic of the film around these kind of tableaus where we could walk in and the scene could play out. When he would move the camera it was so fast.

That’s the other thing about shooting on an iPhone and shooting with almost entirely natural light – you’re never waiting between setups. On a traditional movie you’d shoot half a scene then walk away. Maybe grab a burrito? An hour and a half later you come back to shoot the other side of the scene – yet in the case of Unsane, it would sometimes be two minute turnovers. He would just literally take the phone, put it on the other side of the room and go, “Okay. Let’s go.” You move so fast and that also helps to mitigate any self-consciousness that can build.

So for those who might balk at the idea of filming cinema-quality projects on a smartphone, what immediate benefit would you use to convince them otherwise?

Leonard: Speed and price.

FANDOM: Do you think Unsane would have been made without the benefit of smartphone cost savings? Does Unsane then become a harder sell?

Leonard: I think if Steven Soderbergh wants to make a thriller, Steven Soderbergh can make a thriller. He just finished another film that he shot on an iPhone.

FANDOM: So much for his short-lived retirement plans.

Leonard: He was wrapping his film the day before our Unsane premiere, and we just shot this one a little over six months ago. The man is prolific. He’ll put normal humans to shame.

FANDOM: He might have even written Logan Lucky, if rumors are true.

Leonard: [Smirks] He might have.

FANDOM: I can only imagine how many pseudonyms he has at this point.

Leonard: I know of three and I’ve only worked with the guy once. I’m guessing there are some more out there that I don’t know about. I’m not even in the inside circle.

FANDOM: I question the crew size on every Soderbergh movie now.

Leonard: “It’s a funny thing about that actor, Josh Leonard. Not really Josh Leonard. Josh Leonard is just Soderbergh’s pseudonym for his acting.”


Joshua Leonard Blair Witch Project
‘The Blair Witch Project’ kicked off the found footage movie craze.

FANDOM: I wanted to bring up your role in The Blair Witch Project, next. Even though Unsane is a narrative film, were there similarities to shooting a found footage movie versus something on the iPhone? Is it still that guerrilla-style even in traditional formatting?

Leonard: The direct line I would draw between The Blair Witch Project and Unsane is that we were trying to do something that there wasn’t much of a set precedent for. In both cases, the budgets were low enough that creators had total autonomy over their own projects. These filmmakers lived, died and created on their own instincts, under the set of constraints that they had. On The Blair Witch Project, our biggest constraint was that none of us had two nickels to rub together. On Unsane it was that [Steven Soderbergh] chose to use the iPhone and – I believe – used his own money. He was going to make damn sure the project didn’t inflate.

FANDOM: It feels like a natural evolution in cinematic experimentation.

Leonard: Both were experiments. Both had real chances of falling flat on their faces. If they had, not many people would be the wiser but you and I wouldn’t be sitting here talking about them now. Or many other found footage films to this date.

FANDOM: I want to bring up your acting choices because after The Blair Witch Project, you could have become “the horror guy” — but you didn’t. Was that a conscious path or one based on opportunity?

Leonard: A little bit of Column A, a little bit of Column B. Sometimes when you work in a freelance profession, the choices you make are based on the opportunities in front of you while others are made because you need the rent to be paid. There’s certainly a lot of stuff that I’ve chosen not to do over the years. I just think what keeps me interested does not necessarily translate into good branding. Such is the path that I’ve chosen for myself.

FANDOM: I bet you didn’t have a crisis of conscience when Steven Soderbergh asked you to be in his film.

Leonard: I’ll say anecdotally that when I got the call from Carmen Cuba, who’s a friend of mine and [Steven Soderbergh’s] longtime casting director, the project was so top secret that in the first phone call she didn’t even want to tell me that he was making the movie. She said, “I’ve got this indie thriller that’s being shot on an iPhone with a really cool group of people,” but I had an eight-month-old baby at the time. It felt like if I came to my wife and said, “I’m going to go three thousand miles away to make a film for two dollars shot on an iPhone,” that I would have come back with one less testicle.

FANDOM: The leash would tighten, alright.

Leonard: So I said, “I would love to, but with a new kid it’s just not a good time to go do a little movie on the East coast.” She said, “You should at least talk to the director.” I was like, “Come on. You know the director’s just going to convince me to do it. I don’t even want to.” And she said, “It’s Steven Soderbergh.” I was like, “Okay. You’ve convinced me. When do I show up? Fuck the baby.”

FANDOM: So next to Soderbergh, if you had your choice of a filmmaker to work with, who would it be? Who haven’t you worked with that you’re dying to?

Leonard: Robert Altman, but that’s not going to happen.

FANDOM: Nope. That you *can* work with. Let’s caveat that.

Leonard: That I can work with? There’s so many out there. What’s the guy’s name who did Rust And Bone and A Prophet? Jacques Audiard — I think he’s spectacular. I also think Jeremy Saulnier is one of my favorites out there right now. He’s next level.

The post Joshua Leonard on His Horror History, Terrifying Claire Foy in ‘Unsane’ appeared first on FANDOM.

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Today in History for May 6th

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Kanye West Calls Slavery A ‘Choice,’ Gets Schooled On History

TMZ’s Van Lathan told him to his face: “You have morphed into something, to me, that is not real.”
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Today in History: April 29th

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Michael Cohen has a long history of dealing with business partners who have been convicted of crimes

Long before Donald Trump’s attorney paid Stormy Daniels or had his office raided by the FBI, a pattern was established: The associates of Michael Cohen have often been disciplined, disbarred, accused or convicted of crimes, ProPublica reports.
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5 Black Pulitzer Prize Winners Who Made History

On Monday, it was announced that Kendrick Lamar won a Pulitzer Prize for his 2017 critically acclaimed album, DAMN, making him the first rapper to receive the honor. In addition to marking the first time that a music Pulitzer was given to a hip-hop album, this also sets a new precedent for an artist with such commercial appeal and success. Rather, the honor has traditionally been awarded to more obscure classical and jazz compositions.

Here are four other African American trailblazers who were recognized with the prestigious honor.

Gwendolyn Brooks

Gwendolyn Brooks

(Wikimedia Commons)

Gwendolyn Brooks became the first black person to win a Pulitzer Prize in 1950 for her book Annie Allen, which chronicles the evolution of a young Black girl into womanhood through poetry. Brooks, a literary giant who focused much of her work on documenting the lives and struggle of African Americans and migrants, was also the first black woman to serve as the poetry consultant to the Library of Congress.


Suzan-Lori Parks

Suzan-Lori Parks

(Wikimedia Commons)

In 2012, Suzan-Lori Parks became the first black woman playwright to be awarded a Pulitzer Prize for Drama for her play Topdog/Underdog, a story of two African American brothers struggling with romantic relationships, poverty, addiction, and racism.


Lynn Nottage  

Pulitzer Prize Winners

Lynn Nottage (Photo Credit: Susan Johann)

Playwright Lynn Nottage made history when she became the first woman to win two Pulitzer Prizes. She won the 2017 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for the Broadway play Sweat and her first Pulitzer in 2009 for Ruined, an off-Broadway.

“On some level, I’ve always been a writer,” the Brooklyn native told Black Enterprise. “When I was 5 years old, I began crafting stories in my living room for my parents, and whenever they would have guests over, I would create little drama productions to perform for them, and I would get my brother to be one of my performers.”

In addition to joining an elite group of black Pulitzer-winning writers, Nottage is an associate professor of theater at Columbia University.


George Walker

Black Pulitzer Prize Winners

(YouTube Screenshot via StateoftheArtsNJ)

George Walker became the first African American to receive a coveted Pulitzer Prize in Music in 1996 for his work Lilacs. Walker, who is noted as one of the greatest composers of his time, was also the first African American to graduate from the Curtis Institute in 1954, receive a doctorate degree from Eastman School in 1956, and become a tenured faculty member at Smith College.

The post 5 Black Pulitzer Prize Winners Who Made History appeared first on Black Enterprise.

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Today in History for March 14th

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Family history of heart disease doesn’t mean you shouldn’t exercise, study shows

A new study examines how physical activity can help reduce heart health risks.
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‘Black Panther’ Is Now The #3 All-Time Movie In U.S. Box Office History

While people knew that Black Panther was among 2018’s most highly-anticipated films and they knew the buzz on it was intense, every week that box office receipts come in must be a shocker for a least some Hollywood observers. Wakanda and King T’Challa have now surpassed the blockbuster Titanic at the box office to take the #3 all-time slot.

From The Hollywood Reporter:

Ryan Coogler’Black Panther is still making history nearly two months after it first opened in theaters.

The latest accomplishment: The Disney and Marvel superhero tentpole on Saturday passed 1997’s Titanic to rank as the third top-grossing title of all time at the North American box office behind 2015’s Star Wars: The Force Awakens ($ 936.7 million) and 2009’s Avatar ($ 760.5 million), not adjusted for inflation.

Black Panther finished Friday with a domestic total of $ 659.3 million, just shy of the $ 659.5 million grossed by Titanic.

Globally, Black Panther has grossed $ 1.29 billion to date and currently ranks as the No. 10 top-grossing title of all time.

The film — unprecedented in being a big-budget studio tentpole featuring a virtually all-black cast — stars Chadwick Boseman as T’Challa/Black Panther alongside Lupita Nyong’o, Michael B. Jordan, Danai Gurira, Daniel Kaluuya, Letitia Wright, Winston Duke, Angela Bassett, Forest Whitaker and Andy Serkis.

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Best of Frenemies: A Brief History of Han and Lando’s Relationship on Screen

With Lando Calrissian returning to screens next month in Solo: A Star Wars Story, we thought it would be a good time to look back at one of the most popular characters in the franchise. And detail his relationship with best frenemy Han Solo.

Though be warned, while Lando has appeared in novels, comics, video games, and animated shows, this feature will simply be dealing with his exploits in the movies.

Losing the Millennium Falcon


The Millennium Falcon.

Lando Calrissian became a smuggler and a gambler early in life, and made money playing a card game called sabacc. He wore a pretty badass cape, fired a badass X-8 Night Sniper blaster, and cruised the galaxy on a badass ship called the Millenium Falcon, which could make “the Kessel Run in less than 12 parsecs.”

But Lando was to lose his beloved ship in a game of sabacc with old sparring partner Han Solo, an equally disreputable smuggler and gambler. Who may or may not have cheated to win the booty. We’d bet smart money on that game playing out in the new movie.

Following the loss of his precious ship, Lando went straight. Kind of. He gave up a life of crime to become the administrator of Cloud City, a gas installation near Bespin, where he endeavoured to avoid the attentions of the Empire. But it was easier said than done…

Lando Betrays Han

During The Empire Strikes Back, Darth Vader and Boba Fett journey to Cloud City to make Lando an offer he can’t refuse; set a trap for his old friend Han or risk the wrath of the Empire. With little choice, Lando agrees to do the former.

When Han arrives on Cloud City, Lando initially pretends to be angry for past transgressions, but quickly drops the act, welcoming Solo, Leia and Chewbacca with open arms.

The betrayal is soon revealed in one of the saddest scenes in the series however, with Vader taking the Rebels prisoner, while Lando looks on, ashamed.

Calrissian quickly sees the error of his ways, with Vader changing the terms of the deal, refusing to let Leia and Chewie leave Cloud City, and torturing Han before freezing him in carbonite. All of which lights a fire inside Calrissian, who at the end of the film vows to save his old friend.

Lando Rescues Han


Badass cape.

At the start of Return of the Jedi, Lando has infiltrated Jabba the Hutt‘s palace, where the frozen Han hangs as barbaric decoration. Calrissian is working undercover as a palace guard, and wearing a mask to protect his identity.

He stays in disguise throughout the opening sequence, only revealing himself when Luke Skywalker’s plan is in full swing, and the palace party has moved to the Great Pit of Carkoon.

Unfortunately, while freeing prisoners and fighting fellow guards, Lando ends up on the edge of the deadly pit himself, with his own life in danger. So while he pretty much saves Han at the start of the movie, almost immediately Solo is rescuing him, blasting a sarlaac tentacle so Lando can escape its clutches.

Lando and Han Save the Galaxy


Nien Nunb and Lando.

Later in the movie, Lando offers to lead the attack on the second Death Star, and is made General of the Rebel Alliance. Because, as he puts it, “Somone must have told them about my little manoeuvre at the Battle of Taanab.”

Together he and Han mount a two-pronged attack on Darth Vader’s weapon of mass destruction. So while Solo is busy disabling the Death Star’s protective shield in the Battle of Endor, Calrissian is in space, back behind the controls of the Millennium Falcon. Which he promises to return to Han without a scratch.

Lando co-pilots the craft alongside adorable Sullustan Nien Numb, and together they take out scores of TIE Fighters while waiting for Solo to complete his mission. Han duly takes out the shield, and Lando fires a shot into the super-weapon’s reactor core. Starting a chain reaction that ultimately destroys the Death Star.

Calrissian speeds away from the explosion, though in the process his craft takes a knock and loses its sensor dish. Meaning that Lando and Han save the galaxy together, but the Falcon returns with a very definite scratch.

Solo: A Star Wars Story — which stars Donald Glover as the young Lando Calrissian — hits screens on May 24, when we’ll find out how the two scoundrels first became friends.

‘Solo’ Should Have Been ‘Lando’

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Mets fans can stop freaking out about MLB-Facebook ‘history’

When Scott Braun, the play-by-play man on the Mets-Phillies game, began the exclusive Facebook stream Wednesday, he announced, “We are making baseball history in the broadcast world.” Initially, it felt like they were just annoying fans, who either didn’t have a Facebook login, didn’t want to give the social media behemoth any information or, when…
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This Year’s March Madness Has Been the Maddest in History. We Have the Numbers to Prove It

I have seen the best brackets of my generation destroyed by madness.

The 2018 March Madness tournament is more than worthy of the name. Of the 60 games played so far, 20 have been won by the lower-seeded team. By the Sweet Sixteen, two 1-seeded teams were out of the running: Xavier, which lost to 9-seeded Florida St. in the second round, and the University of Virginia, which became the first-ever top-seeded team to fall to a 16-seed in the first game. Meanwhile, an 11-seed, Loyola-Chicago, won in the Elite Eight to reach the Final Four for only the fourth time.

This is not mere anarchy. It is complete lunacy. By TIME’s calculations, there has never been a wilder Men’s College Basketball tournament since March Madness expanded to 64 teams in 1985.

To determine this, we quantified “madness” by looking at the historical fates of all 2,176 teams that have entered the tournament in the modern era, and awarded a certain number of “luna”—the self-declared metric unit of madness—based on how uncommon each outcome has been over the past 34 years. The following table ranks each year by madness. Keep scrolling to see how we did it.

Here’s how it works: For each of the first four rounds, including 2018, we tallied how many times each seed has advanced. For example, a 1-seed has survived to the second round 135 of 136 times, appeared in the Sweet Sixteen 116 times, the Elite Eight 94 times, and the Final Four 56 times. Those figures drop precipitously for lower-seeded teams.

While it might seem reasonable to measure madness simply by the number of upsets, weighted to the differential in seeds, not all upsets are created equal. A 12-seed defeating a 5-seed in the first round might seem like shock, but anyone who regularly follows the tournament knows that this happens all the time—47 times in 136 contests, to be exact. (The number of historical matchups is four times the number of years since there are four “regions” of 16 seeds each.) Meanwhile, a 15-seed has unseated a 2-seed only eight times.

Madness, in fact, is not simply a tally of lower-seeded teams beating better-regarded opponents. It is a factor of how unusual and unexpected the outcome is overall. Using the historical data, one can precisely measure how unlikely every outcome is, from highly common to extraordinarily rare.

To pin this down to an aggregate level of madness for each year, TIME considered every matchup in which the seed of the winning team has won that round fewer than 25 times since 1985. That threshold of 25 was determined through repeated trial-and-error to extract only the outcomes that were genuinely uncommon.

To calculate the number of luna for each historic upset, we looked at the number of times fewer than 25 that it has ever occurred—so, 11 if it has happened 14 times, and so forth—and then squared that figure, since very, very rare outcomes deserve considerably more weight than those that are slightly more likely. Again, this strategy was born of repeated iterations on the model with results tested on college basketball impresarios.

For example, when Loyola-Chicago defeated Nevada in the Sweet Sixteen this year, it became only the eighth 11-seed to advance to the Elite Eight, garnering 289 luna – that’s (25 – 8)^2.

Applying this logic to the first four rounds of every year’s tournament (so that it was possible to compare the current tournament’s results so far to every past year), 2018 has the highest madness in history with 2,935 luna. The 2013 tournament, which had a crowded lineup of low-seeded victories, came in a close second with a score of 2,928.

Curiously, for all the attendant griping after the NCAA Selection Committee releases its roster of 64 teams from seeds 1 to 16 in the four regions, the historical data indicates that the seeds are highly predictive of the outcome, particularly early in the tournament. In the first round, for example, the higher-seeded team has always won a majority of time proportionally to how big a difference there is between its seed and its opponent’s seed. The only exception is the four annual matchups between 8 and 9 seeds, which are split evenly with 68 victories apiece since 1985.

The TIME formula for madness, however, is largely seed-agnostic. While it uses the winning team’s seed to calculate the historical frequency that this seed advances to each round, the value of the seed itself does not enter the calculation. It just so happens that the seeds enter the picture organically, since the lower a team’s seed, the less common it is for that team to win.

To be sure, there are infinite ways to quantify madness. We feel good about this one, which was not doctored so as to produce a result that made for the best headline. And for what it’s worth, the calculations were conducted in a state absent any personal basketball-related madness, even though this reporter attended the University of Virginia. After all, it’s almost time for baseball.

Methodology

Historical results were manually compiled from a variety of sources to ensure accuracy. To ensure the most apt comparison, all calculations of previous years were conducted with the same historical data from 1985 to 2018, even though those results are retroactive to previous years. (Otherwise, the 1985 tournament would achieve the maximum possible number of luna, since, as of that time, none of the outcomes had every happened before.) These figures will be updated with the results of the Final Four and Championship games as the 2018 tournament reaches its completion.

For those keeping score at home, here’s the formal definition of madness:

Have a better idea for how to calculate madness? Let us know, and we’d be happy to run the numbers, so long as it uses the same core set of historical data. (Sorry. We lack the bandwidth to factor in the color of each team’s jerseys.)

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U.S. Visa Applicants May Be Asked for Social Media History, Says State Dept

social media, Visa applicants

The federal government wants foreign visitors to supply their social media history before they can enter the country, according to Reuters.

On Friday, the State Department filed a proposal that would make it mandatory for immigrant and non-immigrant visa applicants to submit “all social media identities” that they’ve used in the past five years.

The proposal would need to be approved by the Office of Management and Budget and would be used to identify those seeking entry into the U.S.

The proposal falls in line with President Donald Trump’s plan to vet immigrants prior to entering the country in order to curb terrorism.

The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) blasted the proposal saying it would have a negative effect on freedom of speech.

“People will now have to wonder if what they say online will be misconstrued or misunderstood by a government official,” Hina Shamsi, director ACLU’s National Security Project, told Reuters in a statement.

“We’re also concerned about how the Trump administration defines the vague and over-broad term ‘terrorist activities’ because it is inherently political and can be used to discriminate against immigrants who have done nothing wrong,” he continued.

The public can weigh in with comments with OMB before they approve or deny the request, Reuter reports.

Applicants would also have to submit past telephone numbers, email addresses and travel history.

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Today in History for April 1st

Associated Press

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Today in History for March 30th

Associated Press

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Who was Linda Brown? The woman at the center of the Brown v. Board of Education case helped change history

Who was Linda Brown? The woman at the center of the Brown v. Board of Education case helped change history


Who was Linda Brown? The woman at the center of the Brown v. Board of Education case helped change history

In the current movement for gun control, there is a special focus on young people who are fighting for their rights and yearning for schools to become safe spaces. These young people’s desires to facilitate changes on their campuses echo another era that transformed the American school system.

If you’ve gone to school in the United States in the past few decades, you have heard of the Brown v. Board of Education case. The lawsuit was taken to the Supreme Court after 9-year-old Linda Brown was denied enrollment in an all-white elementary school. Her father refused to allow this injustice to go unchallenged. He spent years fighting for not only his daughter’s rights, but the rights of children everywhere. In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled that segregated schools were unfair. Thus the work to give all children a just opportunity to learn began.

The little girl at the center of the case, Linda Brown, passed away on Sunday March 25th, at the age of 76.

But beyond the child we see standing in front of her segregated school in black and white news photographs, who was Linda Brown?

Linda was born to Oliver and Leola Brown in 1942. The family lived in Topeka, Kansas, and although it was not exactly the Deep South, the instances of racism were just as horrible. When Linda began school, the Browns were living within walking distance of Sumner Elementary School, an all-white campus.

Oliver was upset because his daughter could not attend the school that was nearest to them. Instead, Linda and her sisters trekked two miles to get to the bus stop that would take them to a faraway all-Black school.

Linda described the experience on Eyes on the Prize, the PBS documentary series:

“And then when wintertime came, it was a very cold walk. I remember that. I remember walking, tears freezing up on my face because I began to cry because it was so cold, and many times I had to turn around and run back home.”

Linda Brown walking with her sister to the bus
Carl Iwasaki/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images

After Linda was denied entry into Sumner, her father (along with the NAACP and other families whose children had been rejected from segregated schools) filed a lawsuit. They won the case unanimously. Linda Brown was in junior high school by the time the ruling was made.

Following a brief relocation to Missouri and the death of her father, Linda’s family found themselves back in Topeka, Kansas. Brown attended both Washburn University and Kansas State University. Throughout her life, she worked both as a public speaker and an education consultant. Brown also married twice — she and her first husband divorced, and her second husband sadly passed away.

Brown’s feelings about her childhood role as a symbol of the Civil Rights Movement were rightfully complex.

She eventually expressed disdain for the amount of attention the case had received. Linda felt as if people paid less attention to her as a human, and more attention to her as a concept signifying equality. It is difficult to find information about her life beyond the Supreme Court case, which makes her feelings that much easier to understand. After Linda’s passing, longtime friend Carolyn Campbell told The Topeka Capital-Journal, “It was difficult for Linda to be pushed into the spotlight at a young age.”

Despite the landmark victory, Linda knew that we still had work to do to achieve equality and desegregation in schools. Years later, the Topeka case was revitalized due to claims that the school system was continuing to segregate students. It took several years for a concrete ruling to be made. Following a federal decision that was overturned, there was a plan to truly integrate schools in 1993.

During this revisit of Brown v. Board of Education, Linda and one of her siblings started the Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research in the late 1980s. The foundation awards scholarships to POC pursuing teaching degrees, holding conferences, and working to preserve the rights won by the Brown v. Board of Education case.

Plaintiffs from Brown v. Board of Education
Carl Iwasaki/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images

Linda Brown’s death is a reminder that many of those who participated in the Civil Rights Movement (such as Rosa Parks, Recy Taylor, and Fannie Lou Hamer) are no longer on this earth with us. But their stories of resilience live on through us. It is our duty to ensure that they are never forgotten.

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Today in History for March 25th

Associated Press

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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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National Geographic Confronts Its 130-Year History of Racist Reporting

After decades of publishing content that demeaned, overlooked, and stereotyped people of color, National Geographic is making an attempt to right its wrongs.

The century-old magazine, known for its exploration of geography, science, history, nature, and world cultures, announced last week that its April 2018 issue includes a scathing report about its own racist past.

“[U]ntil the 1970s National Geographic all but ignored people of color who lived in the United States, rarely acknowledging them beyond laborers or domestic workers,” wrote the magazine’s Editor-in-Chief Susan Goldberg in the issue’s editor letter. “Meanwhile it pictured ‘natives’ elsewhere as exotics, famously and frequently unclothed, happy hunters, noble savages—every type of cliché.”

Goldberg, the first woman and first Jewish American to be named EIC at National Geographic, said it was necessary for the publication to confront its history of perpetuating racist ideas in order move forward. In her letter, she revealed that John Edwin Mason, a professor who teaches the history of photography and African continent at the University of Virginia, was asked to dig through the magazine’s 130-year archive. In turn, he discovered an overarching context of racism in the magazine’s coverage of minority cultures, from its articles and photography to its editorial tone and choices.

For example, a photo of Aboriginal people in a 1916 article about Australia included a caption that read, “South Australian Blackfellows: These savages rank lowest in intelligence of all human beings.”

Mason’s findings will be published in “The Race Issue” next month.

“That National Geographic should not do an issue on race without understanding its own complicity in shaping understandings of race and racial hierarchy,” writes Goldberg. “National Geographic did little to push its readers beyond the stereotypes ingrained in white American culture,” she added.

In an interview with NPR, Mason noted that National Geographic often highlighted advancements in Western countries as forward-thinking and superior. On the other hand, the black and brown world was depicted as “primitive and backwards and generally unchanging,” he said. For instance, one photo portrays “uncivilized” native people seemingly fascinated by a white man’s camera.


“The photography, like the articles, didn’t simply emphasize difference, but made difference … very exotic, very strange, and put difference into a hierarchy. And that hierarchy was very clear: that the West, and especially the English-speaking world, was at the top of the hierarchy. And black and brown people were somewhere underneath,” said Mason.

He also pointed to an article on South Africa from the 1960s that barely mentions the murders of 69 black South Africans by police during the Sharpeville Massacre. “There are no voices of black South Africans,” said the professor. “That absence is as important as what is in there. The only black people are doing exotic dances … servants or workers. It’s bizarre, actually, to consider what the editors, writers, and photographers had to consciously not see.”

Read Susan Goldberg’s editor’s note, “For Decades, Our Coverage was Racist. To Rise Above Our Past, We Must Acknowledge It,” in full.

 

The post National Geographic Confronts Its 130-Year History of Racist Reporting appeared first on Black Enterprise.

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White House: ‘Transgender persons with a history or diagnosis of gender dysphoria’ disqualified from serving

The White House on Friday announced a policy to ban most transgender persons from serving in the US military.


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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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In the heart of Europe, Habsburg family homes offer a haunting glimpse into history

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On the 28th of June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated in Sarajevo by a Serb terrorist, thus setting in motion the events of World War I, and forever changing the world. It’s intriguing to imagine how different the world might be today had Ferdinand not taken that fateful trip to Sarajevo that day. Would we have had World War II? Would Nazi Germany have happened? Would America have become the ‘last best hope of Earth?’

Well, we can better understand history by going to look at the place Franz Ferdinand lived and spent time before his departure to Sarajevo. By visiting and experiencing the Habsburg family homes around Europe, we can build a picture of what the family was like and gives us a unique look back at history.

Konopiste

The first port of call is checking out Konopiste, the bohemian castle where the Archduke lived during the time he took his ill-fated trip to Sarajevo. It’s curious to think that this three-story chateau, just outside Benesov in the Czech Republic, probably wouldn’t be a tourist attraction were it not for Ferdinand’s untimely demise. If you want to see an important slice of history, the castle museum actually has the bullet that killed him on display. It’s a little morbid, but it shows how important an event this was, and how it shouldn’t be forgotten.

Kaiservilla

Another important home that needs to be seen is known as Kaiservilla. This stunning mansion was one of the summer homes of Emperor Franz Joseph I, and his wife, Empress Elizabeth. It was at this breathtaking address that Franz Joseph signed the decree that would launch World War I, following the assassination of Ferdinand – his nephew. It’s worth wondering whether Franz Joseph could have envisaged the impact his actions would have on the world. He died in 1916, before the end of the First World War, so he never got to see the legacy of his action unfold across the world. So, this is a residence that plays an important role in world history as well and should be remembered as such.

Miramare Castle

Moving to Italy now, and the Gulf of Trieste, to find the 19th Century castle Miramare. This is not only a stunning castle, but it’s also one that plays a big role in the development of historical events. The castle was designed and built by Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, who would later become Emperor of Mexico. He was the younger brother of Franz Joseph I, and also an uncle of the assassinated Franz Ferdinand. The castle has some truly stunning grounds that are well worth exploring, and it underwent extensive renovation work and restoration and is currently a big tourist attraction.

These are a few of the important residences throughout Europe that are incredibly important. They might just seem like stunning touristy attractions, but the families who lived in these places helped to shape the future of the world. In fact, were it not for these people, the world could well end up being a very different place.

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Today in History for March 18th

Associated Press

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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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Riding Along Toyota’s Black History Tour

Last February, Toyota conducted a Black History Tour. As a child of the 1960s, and witness to riots in Baltimore after the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., I was super excited to attend to learn more about our history, and was joined by several journalist and blogger peers.

The mission was simple yet precise: Visit historical sites in the Northeast corridor and travel from site to site in the latest 2017 Toyota cars and compact SUVs.

(Image: Brian Armstead)

Stops included: Madame C.J. Walker’s estate in New York State; Harlem in New York City; historic churches and sites in Philadelphia; and finally—the drive back to my home area of suburban Washington, D.C., to visit the newest jewel among the incredible collection of Smithsonian Museums: the National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC).

The trip was truly life-changing, especially learning about the history of our struggle in Philadelphia, and of course visiting the first-rate, superbly curated NMAAHC. During our multi-hour visit there, I was at an exhibit showing Revolutionary War hero James Armistead.

(Image: Brian Armstead)

I froze.  My father’s name was James Armstead. Was this one of my ancestors who held a surname that evolved into mine? As I choked up with tears and pride for the way he fought to be free, I realized that my story was one of tens of thousands that others might have experienced visiting the museum that covers our history from pre-slavery to today.

In December, Toyota hosted yet another Black History Tour. The mission this time was to drive 2018 Toyotas from historical sites in Atlanta to the even deeper South, with additional stops in Montgomery and Selma, Alabama; Meridian, Mississippi; and finally Jackson, Mississippi, to witness the inauguration of another stirring display of our history, the Mississippi Civil Rights Museum.

In Atlanta, we experienced a bus tour of the Martin Luther King National Site, where an eternal flame burns in his memory; saw the Ebenezer Baptist Church where Dr. King often preached, viewed his statue on the ground of the Georgia State capitol building, and learned much from our tour guide, Tom Houck, who from 1965–1971 worked with the NAACP, SCLC, and other civil rights groups across the nation.

(Image: Brian Armstead)

Houck was also a personal assistant and driver for Dr. King from 1966 until his assassination in Memphis, Tennessee. As a white American, Houck had many stories to tell about being branded a “nigger lover,” often at great personal peril.

After the Atlanta portion of the trip, we hit the road to Alabama (in an all-new 2018 Camry XLE with red leather)!

After several hours on the road, my drive partner, Tami Reed of TalkingwithTami.com, and I approached Montgomery, Alabama. This was during the time when a nominee for U.S. Senator of Alabama was being accused of sexual misconduct. To say it was a tense time in the state is an understatement, as war lines were political and racial.

My mind raced as we entered Montgomery, as Alabama has a terrible legacy of denying civil rights to African Americans. I remember Governor George Wallace blocking the doors of schools to thwart integration.

(Image: Brian Armstead)

I remember brutal “Commissioner of Public Safety” Bull Connor, ordering police to attack peaceful protestors with high-pressure fire hoses and police dogs, while protecting Klansmen and any others who sought to espouse white supremacy.

The bombing of the “Freedom Riders” bus and the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing that took the lives of four little girls came to mind. Dr. King once called Birmingham a “symbol of hardcore resistance to integration.” All of this swirled and stirred up clouds of emotion within me.

And then I smiled when we pulled up to the Dexter Parsonage Museum, which chronicles the history of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. Visitors can tour the home next door where Dr. King and his wife Coretta raised their family while he was an Associate Pastor at the church.

The Parsonage, built in 1912, has been restored to its appearance when Dr. King and his family lived there. Much of the furniture was actually used by Dr. King, and it’s now a part of the National Register of Historic Places. While on the front porch of the Parsonage, we were alerted to look at the differences in the two front windows on the porch. The reason one looked newer is due to the ugly fact that his home was firebombed by Ku Klux Klan supremacists and was a constant target for hate.

(Image: Brian Armstead)

From The Dexter Personage Museum tour, we drove on to the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church.

Dr. King served the church from 1954 until 1959, part of a long, distinguished line of pastors at this historic place of worship, located just one block from the once hate-filled State House. The church is now a World Heritage Site.

When we arrived, it was early evening, and the choir was practicing for Sunday services. Guess who got to sing with the choir? All of us on the tour! After meeting current pastor Rev. Cromwell A. Handy, Tour Director Wanda Battle gave us a tour of the church museum. Adorning a complete wall in the museum was an incredible mural of our history, from slavery to martyrdom.

Incidentally, our accommodations in Montgomery at the Renaissance Hotel were along a street that was once famous for its slave warehouses. Just by chance I noticed the signs while having breakfast at the hotel’s restaurant.

So now it was time once again to raise the emotional stakes, as we were about to drive from Montgomery to Selma, Alabama. It was the same route (from Selma to Montgomery) that freedom marchers took to show a watching nation that freedom in the Deep South was far from free.

Mother Nature threw a serious curveball during this leg of our journey, as a major storm blanketed the South in snow and ice. No worries, as our Camry’s advanced traction control systems and some common sense behind the wheel got us through.

We arrived in icy Selma in time to visit the National Voting Rights Museum, which took a close look at another side of the story. Many died for the right to vote, and the museum houses an actual period voting machine, which was beyond the reach and dreams of many in Alabama.

The National Voting Rights Museum is at the base of the infamous Edmund Pettus bridge, where Selma to Montgomery marchers were met with tear gas, water cannons, police dogs, and batons to keep them from continuing their equality march. This sad episode of American history played out on a national stage, as broadcast networks aired the carnage of what was to be named “Bloody Sunday” on televisions across the country.

Next, we headed to Jackson for the opening of two adjacent museums, one dedicated to the Civil Rights struggle in Mississippi. There was some controversy with this event. President Trump had accepted an invitation to attend, leading to a boycott of the opening by many of those who led the way during the struggle, including Congressman Lewis.

On that very cold morning of Saturday, Dec. 9, 2017, we assembled to watch history. Many luminaries spoke at the grand-opening ceremony, none more powerful and poignant than Myrlie Evers, the widow of civil rights martyr Medgar Evers, who was gunned down in his Mississippi driveway more the 50 years ago. Trump took a private tour and left the museum, giving meaningful remarks to those assembled before his departure.

There were several displays that really made me emotional. The first was a list of names of those lynched in Mississippi from the early 1900s to about 1970. There were so many panels of names, and these were very tall panels, I wondered whether some names had been repeated. They were not repeated.

I viewed a display which included the photos of two young white people who sat with “coloreds” during a lunch counter sit-in, a common form of peaceful protest during those turbulent times. They were subsequently harassed, with condiments poured on their heads, and arrested. “I look so young in that picture,” said the diminutive woman standing beside me. “Is that you?” I asked her. She responded, “yes,” as she began to tell me her story of courage. Joan Trumpauer was one of scores of white activists who played significant roles in the struggle.

By the way, at each stop during our tour, a check was presented by Toyota.

The company is deeply committed to making an economic presence through plants and executive offices here in the U.S., and a social presence through the scores of programs, events, and facilities they’ve sponsored. And Toyota has demonstrated this commitment through these two amazing tours.

 

 

 

 

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‘Black Panther’ Crushes Box Office Records, Making Black History

Call it fate that Black Panther, a pro-black Marvel movie featuring a mostly dark-complexioned cast and directed by a 31-year-old black man, would make history in the month of February.

The sci-fi flick, based in the fictional African country of Wakanda, raked in more than $ 700 million globally in the last two weekends and $ 404 million domestically by Sunday, just 10 days after its release. The $ 200 million film has yet to open in Japan and China.

According to Forbes, Black Panther also broke records in the first seven days of its release, earning $ 292 million in North America, making it the highest grossing Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) film in its first week. It stands in fourth place of top-earning movies in one week behind only The Force Awakens ($ 390.8m), The Last Jedi ($ 296.6m) and Jurassic World ($ 296.2m).

 

Redefining Diversity and Hollywood

Despite being an Africa-centric film, Black Panther has received support from a widely diverse audience. African Americans made up 37% of ticket buyers, followed by white Americans, who made up 35%, and Hispanics with 18%. Women, who normally make up 35% to 40% on a superhero movie’s opening weekend, made up 45% of ticket sales.

Overwhelmed by the record-breaking support, Black Panther director Ryan Coogler penned an open letter thanking fans and the press.

“Never in a million years did we imagine that you all would come out this strong. It still humbles me to think that people care enough to spend their money and time watching our film. But to see people of all backgrounds wearing clothing that celebrates their heritage, taking pictures next to our posters with their friends and family, and sometimes dancing in the lobbies of theaters often moved me and my wife to tears,” it reads.

Coogler launched his career in Hollywood five years ago with the critically acclaimed film Fruitvale Station, which is based on the real-life police shooting of Oscar Grant in Oakland, California. Now, Marvel Studios’ youngest filmmaker is being praised as the “new Steven Spielberg.” The American Black Film Festival (ABFF) alum was also recognized at the 2016 ABFF Honors with the Rising Star Award.

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Little Known Black History Fact: Warren Stanley

Since he was a boy, Warren Stanley said he wanted nothing more than to work for the California High Patrol, the largest state law enforcement agency in the nation. Now after working over three decades with CHP, Stanley can now be proud of becoming the agency’s first Black commissioner.

Stanley, 56, is a native of Dos Palos, California in the state’s central valley region and has 11 siblings. After graduating from the CHP academy in 1982, Stanley reportedly has held every ranking officer position for the agency over the course of his career. The hard work had certainly been recognized after he served as acting CHP commissioner since 2017.

In an interview with local outlet KCRA, Stanley expressed joy in earning CHP’s top cop spot and promises to build a firm foundation within the agency.

“I’m very excited about it, but I’m very humble because I know the people that have held this position have come before me. They’ve been great commissioners and I hope to follow in their footsteps and leave my own path,” Stanley told the outlet in a recent chat.

Stanley is a graduate of California State University, Los Angeles with a bachelor of science degree in criminal justice.

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Today in History for March 11th

Associated Press

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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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The onset of Alzheimer’s disease: The importance of family history

A new study shows that the closer a person gets to the age at which their parent exhibited the first signs of Alzheimer’s, the more likely they are to have amyloid plaques, the cause of the cognitive decline associated with the disease, in their brain.
Parenting News — ScienceDaily

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Today in History for March 4th

Associated Press

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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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CP Time: Forgotten Black Women of History: The Daily Show

The Daily Show with Trevor Noah

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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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Little Known Black History Fact: Andrew Clayton Powell, Jr.

On this day in 1967, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. was barred from his seat in the U.S. House of Representatives on allegations of corruption and office misconduct. Supporters of the popular New York congressman believed the act was due to his race as well as a ploy to derail Powell’s political power.

Powell, born November 29, 1908 in New Haven, Connecticut, followed in the footsteps of his father, activist and preacher Adam Clayton Powell Sr., yet moved into politics in the mid-40’s en route to a stellar career that stretched nearly three decades. Assuming office officially in 1945, Powell rose quickly, running on the promise of bringing civil rights to Black New Yorkers. He also had the ability to cross the aisle to his Republican counterparts.

Powell’s career was altered by scandal after allegations he misused funds for personal trips and other expenditures, including traveling with two young women. The House overwhelmingly voted to bar him from his seat, prompting his supporters to rally around him and suggest that racism was behind the move. Similar allegations that hovered over white Congress members had never led to a loss of their seat.

In a special election weeks later, Powell regained the seat but instead of returning to Congress, he took his case all the way to the Supreme Court. In 1969, the justices ruled in favor of Powell agreeing that Congress did not have the right to remove Powell from a seat he was voted into. Despite his victory in the courts,  Powell quietly left politics and retired to the Bahamas.

In April 1972, Powell died after suffering from prostatitisHe was just 63 years of age. He had two sons who both shared his name, III, who is a notable journalist, and IV, who also became a politician.

PHOTO: AP

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NPS Opens the Home of Carter G. Woodson, ‘Father of Black History,’ to the Public

In honor of Black History Month, the National Park Service (NPS) will grant the public access to the home of Dr. Carter G. Woodson, an African American writer and historian known as the “Father of Black History.”

Born the son of freed slaves in 1875, Woodson made a lifelong commitment to researching and preserving black history. In 1912, the sharecropper-turned-scholar became the second African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard University. He created “Negro History Week” in 1926, which was later adapted into Black History Month in 1976. The renowned scholar and author also penned over a dozen books, including the notable The Mis-Education of the Negro.

Now, for the month of February, the public can tour the Washington, D.C., home where he lived from 1922 up until his death in 1950. The 140-year-old house is where Woodson conceptualized the idea of “Negro History Week” and spent a substantial amount of time researching and documenting African American history. Before Woodson, there was little to no accurate recordings of black contributions in American history. The house is also where the Omega Psi Phi member founded and operated the Associated Publishers Press starting in 1921. “It was one of the first publishing companies to publish historical works of African American history,” said Vince Vaise, chief of visitor services at the National Park Service, reports WTOP.

The home was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976 before becoming vacant in the ’90s. The property was then acquired by the NPS in 2005 and reopened last year following years of renovations.

The Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site, located in the D.C. neighborhood of Shaw, is currently open to the public Thursdays through Sundays from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

 

The Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site (Image: Wikimedia Commons)

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The Wild, Wild West: Saloon showcases American frontier, cowboy history

So, a guy walks into a bar –and in this case, stumbles upon not just any bar—an historic western saloon on the old frontier with original artifacts displayed throughout.
FOX News

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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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Click today to request your free ACRX discount prescription card and save up to 80% off of your medicine!

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Black History Month: The Divine Nine

Editor’s Note: This article originally published on February 16, 2016

Black Greek-letter sororities and fraternities have been a pivotal part of African American history and culture since the early 20th century. Launched on the campuses of historically black colleges, these organizations have been a central resource for support and service in the educational advancement and strengthening of social bonds among black students, entrepreneurs and professionals, especially when the organizations expanded to majority white institutions of higher learning. Also, they were a way to combat racism, as many campus organization memberships were exclusionary to students and professionals of color.

The pioneer black Greek-letter organizations have become known as the Divine Nine, and among their ranks have been some of the most influential leaders of color in healthcare, fashion, business, global affairs, politics and more.

Among the ranks of black fraternities are leaders from W.E.B. DuBois; Martin Luther King Jr. and Al Sharpton to Hill Harper, Al Roker, Emmitt Smith, Robert Johnson, and hundreds of thousands more. And the sororities boast an impressive roster of sorors as well, from First Lady Michelle Obama, Shirley Chisholm, and Loretta Lynch to Nikki Giovanni, Soledad O’Brien, MC Lyte, and many more.

The National Pan-Hellenic Council Inc. (NPHC), formed on the campus of Howard University on May 10, 1930, is a collective of the nine pioneering black Greek-letter organizations: Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc., Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc., Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc., Iota Phi Theta Fraternity, Inc., Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc., Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc., and Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc.

Since these nine were started and incorporated, membership has spread globally, with chapters in Asia, the Caribbean, Europe and Africa. Their impact is also widespread professionally and financially, as they have contributed millions to uplift communities, send students to college via scholarships and support professionals in both corporate America and entrepreneurship via mentorship and sponsorship.

Alpha Phi Alpha is the oldest fraternity, founded in 1906, followed by Kappa Alpha Psi  and Omega Psi Phi in 1911, Phi Beta Sigma in 1914 and Iota Phi Theta Fraternity in 1963. Among the sororities, Alpha Kappa Alpha is the oldest, founded in 1908, followed by Delta Sigma Theta Sorority in 1913, Zeta Phi Beta in 1920 and Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc. in 1922.

Since the Divine Nine have been founded and incorporated, other black Greek-letter organizations have followed, and though they are not part of the Pan-Hellic Council, they have been vital in their impact of promoting service, scholarship, and fellowship among students and professionals of color around the world as well. These organizations include sororities such as the National Sorority of Phi Delta Kappa, Inc., founded in 1923 for educators; Gamma Phi Delta Sorority, Inc., an affiliate organization of the National Council of Negro Women (NCNW) founded in 1942; Zeta Delta Phi founded 1962 at Bronx Community College, and fraternities such as Sigma Phi Rho, chartered at Wagner College; Delta Psi Chi, founded in 1985 at University of Wisconsin—Milwaukee; and Nu Gamma Alpha, which was founded on Howard University’s campus in 1962.

The post Black History Month: The Divine Nine appeared first on Black Enterprise.

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Little Known Black History Fact: Malcolm X

With the 53rd anniversary of the assassination of Malcolm X, once more Nation of Islam leader Min. Louis Farrakhan has come forth to deny any wrongdoing. Malcolm X was once a fiery leader and spokesperson for the NOI, but many allege the group had him killed after he split with the group citing philosophical differences.

Born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, the future civil and human rights activist found Islam in prison by way of a fellow prisoner. Becoming a dutiful student of then NOI leader, the Honorable Elijah Muhammad, he changed his name to Malcolm X to reflect his teachings and do away with his “slave name.”

Malcolm X quickly rose in the NOI ranks, weaving between his rapid-fire intellect and sharp oratory skills to present a Black nationalist agenda framed under the umbrella of religion. However, Malcolm X discovered Sunni Islam, an orthodox form of the religion, and changed his stances after making the pilgrimage to the Holy City of Mecca as required of many Muslims.

Returning home as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, he still maintained a nationalist bent but leaned towards a humanist approach as expected of those in his religion. This split from the NOI was allegedly criticized and rumors persisted that the group wanted to end his life. Two days before his assassination, Shabazz reportedly told legendary photographer Gordon Parks that the NOI was looking to kill him.

On February 21, 1965 at Manhattan’s Audubon Ballroom, Shabazz was set to address a crowd of guests on behalf of his Organization for Afro-American Unity group. Despite being surrounded by bodyguards, a lone gunman from the crowd produced a shotgun, shooting the leader once with two other assailants finishing the deed. In all, Shabazz was shot 21 times.

Over the years, Min. Farrakhan has been pegged as the mastermind of the plot but has taken pains to deny the charge. This week alone, Farrakhan took to Instagram to strike down the claims and demanded that the federal government release files on the matter to the public to quell the chatter around the unfortunate death of one of Black America’s greatest figures.

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Today in History for February 20th

Associated Press

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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

CHARITY UPDATE:

Click today to request your free ACRX discount prescription card and save up to 80% off of your medicine!

SPECIAL DONATION REQUEST UPDATE:

Please help American Consultants Rx achieve it’s biggest goal yet of donating over 30 million discount prescription cards to over 50k organizations in an effort to assist millions of Americans in need. Please click here to donate today!

Today in History for February 18th

Associated Press

SPECIAL NEWS BULLETIN:

http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

CHARITY UPDATE:

Click today to request your free ACRX discount prescription card and save up to 80% off of your medicine!

SPECIAL DONATION REQUEST UPDATE:

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Today in History for February 17th

Associated Press

SPECIAL NEWS BULLETIN:

http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

CHARITY UPDATE:

Click today to request your free ACRX discount prescription card and save up to 80% off of your medicine!

SPECIAL DONATION REQUEST UPDATE:

Please help American Consultants Rx achieve it’s biggest goal yet of donating over 30 million discount prescription cards to over 50k organizations in an effort to assist millions of Americans in need. Please click here to donate today!

‘There Was Nothing I Could Lose.’ Nathan Chen Redeems His Dismal Olympics and Makes Skating History

You can say what you want about the new figure skating system, but its rigid by-the-numbers scoring means even vaunted medal favorites can fall to 17th. And climb back up to fifth.

That’s exactly what the U.S.’s Nathan Chen did, orchestrating what was perhaps the greatest comeback in skating history.

Japan’s Yuzuru Hanyu repeated his Olympic feat from 2014 and skated to another men’s title, while his teammate Shoma Uno earned silver and Javier Fernandez became the first Spaniard to win an Olympic figure skating medal with the bronze.

Chen, however, made a different kind of history, on a couple of levels. Known as the Quad King for being the first skater to land five quadruple jumps in a single program, Chen raised the bar again by attempting six quadruples in his go-for-broke free program at the Olympic figure skating men’s event in Gangneung Ice Arena on Saturday, landing five of them successfully.

Chen, who was in 17th place after the short program, said he “literally had nothing to lose” going into the long program, so he opted to try six quad jumps — without even telling his coach. “It was me,” he said of the decision to try six of the most challenging jumps male skaters perform. “I didn’t even tell [coach Rafael Arutunian] I was doing that.”

Chen’s monster long program score, added to his short program marks, left him at 297.35, which kept him in first place until the fifth to last skater took the ice. Even then, China’s Jin Boyang only surpassed Chen by 0.42 points.

“I definitely did want to redeem myself after the two short programs,” says Chen, who skated poorly by missing his jumps in both the team skating event and the individual men’s short program. “And I definitely did that here. Honestly, I am human, I make mistakes. Unfortunately it happened at a really bad time.”

Read more: How to Sound Like an Expert While You Watch Olympic Figure Skating

“His long program will be talked about forever,” says Kurt Browning, four-time world champion and three-time Olympian for Canada. Chen, in fact, won the free skate portion of the men’s event, by a comfortable 8.91 points over Hanyu, who had the second highest free skate score after a flawed program in which he stepped out of a quadruple toe loop and a triple lutz and landed four quads. Uno, too fell on his opening quad jump. “Right now [Chen] is a kid going, I just kicked in the long program, and I totally would have won this thing, man,” says Browning. But his low short program score meant he couldn’t leap to the podium unless the top skaters also faltered, and badly.

Chen admitted that while he said he would talk to his coach and training team about what to do next after his dismal short program on Friday, he actually didn’t. “I just went straight back to my bed and just lay there,” he says. “I just fell asleep, and I think that helped a lot.”

Chen also talked to his mother, who advised him to attack and fight for everything in the long program, and to remember that his performance in the short programs did not reflect who he was and what he was capable of doing.

The disastrous short program placement might have actually been a blessing for Chen in the end; with nothing to lose, the world saw what a powerful and talented skater Chen really is. In the stands, Browning, who was the first skater to land a certified quadruple jump in competition (at the 1988 world championships) could empathize with what Chen was feeling. Browning too was a gold medal favorite leading into the 1994 Olympics, but dropped to 12th after the short program. He too skated a lights-out free program and pulled himself up to fifth place. “He doesn’t even know who I am, but he and I have a lot in common,” says Browning. “Maybe some day we’ll have a long talk. Because I can help him move forward.”

Paul Wylie, Olympic silver medalist, says Chen’s feat is a reflection of the stratospheric levels to which men’s skating is reaching. “He’s 18 and he’s grown up with quad jumps,” Wylie says. “These are his triple [jumps]. In his mind the sky is the limit; he’s thinking I’m 18 and maybe I’ll do a quadruple axel, or maybe I’ll do a quint.”

Read more: 5 Things to Know About Figure Skating Champion Yuzuru Hanyu

Chen received credit for five of the quad jumps, but stumbled on landing the quad flip and received some deductions for placing his hands on the ice. “It was risky,” he says of attempting the record-breaking number of quad jumps, “It was hard, but there was nothing I could lose at that point. I just wanted to put them out there and see what happened.”

Chen wasn’t the only skater to make history. Teammate Vincent Zhou, who finished sixth, became the first skater to land a quad lutz, the most challenging quad jump, at the Olympics. Hanyu is only the second skater to repeat as Olympic champion, after the U.S.’s Dick Button in 1948 and 1952. And Fernandez earned his country’s first ever medal in figure skating.

For Hanyu, the title didn’t come easily. He injured his ankle after practicing a quad jump in November, and has not competed since then. “I just thought, ‘skate,’” he says of his comeback. “Just think about skating all day, all week, every day. And I trusted.”

For the U.S. men, the competition was an unexpected ride of ups and downs. While Chen struggled in the short program, teammate Adam Rippon impressed with two clean programs and finished 10th, and also laid down an impressive skate in the team event, which helped to earn the U.S. team a bronze. “To complete three clean programs, and have a top 10 finish in the individual event and a bronze medal, this is sort of like a dream Olympic Games for me,” says Rippon, whose mother, brother and sister were in the arena waving an American flag. His huge personality while competing, and his embrace of his role as a voice for LGBTQ youth helped to earn him legions of new fans, who applauded his performances and his bravery in competing as the first openly gay athlete at a Winter Olympics.

Read more: How Adam Rippon Found His Voice and Became America’s New Winter Olympics Star

The youngest member of the 2018 U.S. Olympic team, Zhou also had a commendable debut. Not only did he become the first skater to land a quad lutz at the Olympics (in the short program), but he also executed five quads in his free program and ended up in sixth.

If there was anything the men’s Olympic skating event proved, it was that the high level of technical skill required to compete can be both a blessing and a curse. Because the points system rewards high value tricks like quad jumps, skating officials are discussing whether they cap the number of quadruple jumps they allow in a program. “It will be interesting to see what happens after the Olympics,” says Wylie. “Since the event has been so driven by the technical elements will there be a rejiggering of the artistic mark and strategies to get more artistic performances?”

Chen, for one, managed to turn the technical monkey that plagued his short program into a gift in his free skate. He wouldn’t admit it at first, but Chen says the pressure of competing at his first Games might have gotten to him initially. “As much as I tried to deny it, I think I did feel the pressure a lot before the short program, especially thinking about medals and placement and things that are completely out of my control. That tightened me up, and I was really cautious out on the ice, which is not the right way to skate. Being in such a low placement going into the long program, I allowed myself to completely forget about expectations, and allowed myself to be myself.”

Which turns out to be a pretty good comeback artist.

Sports – TIME

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Black History Month: Esther Jones, The Original Betty Boop

Editor’s Note: This article was originally published on February 8, 2017 

Betty Boop is largely recognized as an iconic cartoon character and the first animated American sex symbol. However, her signature style and voice was appropriated by an African American jazz singer and entertainer.

During the late 1920s, Esther “Baby Esther” Jones became known for singing in a baby voice and regularly performing at the legendary Cotton Club in Harlem. Then, after watching Esther’s cabaret act in 1928, white jazz singer Helen Kane adopted Jones’ singing and scatting style. Kane also changed the interpolated words “boo-boo-boo” and “doo-doo-doo” to “boop-oop-a-doop” while recording her hit single “I Wanna Be Loved By You.”

Kane never publicly admitted to appropriating Esther’s singing style, but the truth was revealed when Kane filed a lawsuit against Max Fleischer, the animator who created Betty Boop in 1930. Ironically, Kane claimed that Betty Boop was imitating and profiting off of her image.

According to The New York Daily News,

“In 1932, Kane filed a $ 250,000 lawsuit against Max Fleischer and the film company Paramount Publix Corp., contending that they had exploited her persona and asserting she had invented the phrase, ‘Boop-oop-a-doop,’  most famously heard in her 1928 hit song, ‘I Wanna Be Loved By You.’

“Before a judge in state Supreme Court in Manhattan, the defense called Jones’ manager, Lou Walton, to testify. Walton said he taught Esther how to merge the scat lyrics “boo-boo-boo” and “doo-doo-doo,” and use them in her uptown performances. He added that he saw Baby Esther’s acts with Kane before the white singer started her ‘booping.’

“When Walton produced a sound film featuring Baby Esther practicing in her baby voice and “scatting” as proof, Kane, at the height of her career, was exposed as a fraud and lost the case.

 

White singers have a long history of getting away with appropriating black music throughout the 20th century without legally crediting, acknowledging, or paying African American artists. Thus, it does not come as a surprise that Esther Jones did not file suit against Kane or Max Fleischer, where she would have had the burden of proving her case against a white man or white woman.



The post Black History Month: Esther Jones, The Original Betty Boop appeared first on Black Enterprise.

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Today in History for February 15th

Associated Press

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Little Known Black History Fact: Jack Johnson

Since 2004, Republican Sen. John McCain has pushed for a posthumous pardon for legendary heavyweight boxer Jack Johnson. The world’s first Black heavyweight champion flaunted his love of the high life and white women during the time of Jim Crow garnering a charge that his great-great niece wants President Donald Trump to pardon.

In October 1912, Johnson was charged with violating the Mann Act, which made the transport of a woman across state lines for “immoral purposes” a crime. The white woman, allegedly a prostitute, became Johnson’s second wife and refused to cooperate, so charges were dropped. Johnson faced the same charges the following year, and skipped bail, then fled the country for seven years. He began serving his sentence in 1920 and was released the next year.

Johnson continued to box well into his sixties, although many of the fights were nothing more than sideshow exhibitions for Johnson to make money. His life ended tragically in June 1946 after reportedly getting denied service at a Raleigh, North Carolina diner and driving off in a rage before crashing the vehicle.

The pardon for Johnson is something of a long shot with Trump in the White House, although similar efforts in times past did show some promise.

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How I cleaned up my embarrassing Twitter history

TwitterFacebook

This may be hard to imagine, but I, a now hilarious 24-year-old with impressive self-control and impeccable taste in movies, music, and celebrity crushes, have not always crafted the best tweets.

Sure, my Twitter fingers are professionally trained at this point. But when I first made my debut in 2011, I was an angsty 18-year-old, obsessed with One Tree Hill, listening to Dashboard Confessional on a loop, and tragically venting about freshman year of college.

I’ve grown a lot since then. And the sophisticated professional I am today decided it was time to venture back into my Twitter history and clean up my online image.  Read more…

More about Tech, Twitter, How To, Social Media, and Archive


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Today in History for February 11th

Associated Press

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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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Bannon: ‘Anti-patriarchy movement’ will ‘undo ten thousand years of recorded history’

Steve Bannon, the former White House chief strategist, is quoted in a new edition of the book “Devil’s Bargain” as sharply criticizing what he terms the “anti-patriarchy movement” — that is, the movement against sexual harassment and assault — saying he believes it will “undo ten thousand years of recorded history.”
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This Day In Black History: ‘Home Run King’ Is Born

Henry Louis Aaron, nicknamed ‘Hammerin’ Hank,’ was born the third of eight on Feb. 5, 1934 in an underprivileged neighborhood in Mobile, Alabama. At the young age of 8, Henry and his family moved to Toulminville, a middle-class neighborhood nearby, where he developed a passion for baseball and football. He attended segregated Central High School, where he played third base and shortstop on the school’s team.

In his junior year, young Henry transferred to a private school that had a structured baseball program. In 1951, he left high school to play for the Indianapolis Clowns, a team in the Negro Leagues, which he led to victory in the league’s 1952 World Series. Shortly after, he was recruited for $ 10,000 by the Milwaukee Braves and named “Northern League Rookie of the Year.” Two years later, in 1954, at the age of 20, he joined the MLB. His first year he had a batting average of .280, and in the 1955 season he hit more than 27 home runs, had 106 runs batted in, and held a batting average of .328. During the 1957 World Series against the New York Yankees, Aaron hit a home run in the 11th inning, causing the Braves to win which was a major upset, and helping him to earn the title of the National League’s MVP.

Aaron was a loyal activist in the civil rights movement; he also supported the NAACP. Together with his wife, Billye, Aaron created the Hank Aaron Chasing the Dream Foundation to help children develop and achieve their potential. In addition, the baseball superstar would speak about opportunities for minorities. He once stated, “On the field, blacks have been able to be super giants. But once our playing days are over, this is the end of it and we go back to the back of the bus again.”

Over the next decade and a half, Aaron continued to succeed, averaging 30 to 40 home runs per season. At the age of 39, he achieved a skyrocketing high of 40 home runs, just one run behind Babe Ruth’s sacred record of 714. Aaron began to receive death threats and hate mail that said a black man should not dare try to break baseball’s most sanctified record. On April 8, 1974, Aaron broke the record with his 715th home run in the fourth inning against the LA Dodgers. Afterwards, he returned to Milwaukee to finish his career, and retired there as a player, later becoming executive vice president of the Atlanta Braves.

Today, the 81-year-old Aaron is senior vice president of the Braves, and a leader and spokesman on getting players of color into the league. Aaron was elected into the Hall of Fame in 1982, and in 1999, the MLB introduced the Hank Aaron Award, which would be presented every year to the best overall hitter in each league. He also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2002 from President George W. Bush because of Aaron’s humanitarian ventures. Aaron now resides in Georgia and remains one of the best hitters in baseball history. He is responsible for breaking many baseball records; he is especially known for obtaining the most career home runs (755 in total), which lasted for more than two decades. The NAACP Legal Defense Fund awarded him the Thurgood Marshall Lifetime Achievement Award in 2005.

Watch the below video for an interview with ‘Hammerin Hank’ who was honored with the A.G. Gaston Award last year at Black Enterprise’s Entrepreneurs Summit.

 

 

 

The post This Day In Black History: ‘Home Run King’ Is Born appeared first on Black Enterprise.

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Today in History for February 5th

Associated Press

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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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A Comprehensive Guide to Justin Timberlake’s Rocky History With the Super Bowl Halftime Show

It was the halftime show seen ‘round the world: pop icon Janet Jackson and ‘N Sync alum Justin Timberlake closing out the 2004 Super Bowl performance in Houston, Texas. But what began as a duet ended with Timberlake ripping off part of Jackson’s leather and lace bodice, briefly exposing her bare breast (save for a silver nipple shield) to the stadium audience and more than 140 million viewers at home. The notorious moment effectively introduced “wardrobe malfunction” into the pop-culture lexicon and helped inspire the birth of YouTube, but it has also shaped both stars’ careers in the ensuing years.

Now, 14 years later, Timberlake is returning to the Super Bowl stage to headline his own show. His upcoming performance has reignited some of the feelings that arose at the time of what would come to be known as “Nipplegate” — especially from those who feel Timberlake skirted harsh criticism while Jackson shouldered the brunt of it. Ahead of Sunday’s halftime show, here’s a refresher on what happened the last time Justin Timberlake performed at the Super Bowl, what he’s said about it since and why some people want him to apologize before he performs there again.

What happened at the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show

Janet Jackson headlined the 2004 Super Bowl halftime show, recruiting multiple guest artists including Diddy, Jessica Simpson, Kid Rock and Timberlake. During the final moments of the performance, the duo performed a duet version of his song “Rock Your Body,” which includes the lyrics, “Bet I’ll have you naked by the end of this song.” While singing these lyrics, Timberlake tore off the right cup of Jackson’s leather bustier, exposing her bare breast. Immediately afterward Jackson, appearing visibly shocked, covered herself with her hand while CBS cut to a shot of the stadium.

While some speculated that the moment was pre-meditated as a publicity stunt, others pointed out that perhaps the red lace fabric that came off with the leather was actually supposed to stay on, covering Jackson’s accessorized nipple — a theory Jackson’s publicist Stephen Huvane later confirmed to the New York Times. But no one could have anticipated the backlash the “wardrobe malfunction” would inspire. For his part, Timberlake told Access Hollywood in the immediate aftermath, “We love giving you all something to talk about.”

What happened following the Super Bowl

Immediately following the broadcast, the major players behind the production — the NFL; CBS, which aired the game; and MTV and Viacom, which produced the halftime show — released statements. NFL executive vice president Joe Browne said, “We were extremely disappointed by elements of the MTV-produced halftime show. They were totally inconsistent with assurances our office was given about the content of the show.” He added that it was “unlikely” that MTV would be involved with another show in the future.

CBS emphasized that the moment was not what had been rehearsed, saying, “We attended all rehearsals throughout the week and there was no indication that any such thing would happen. The moment did not conform to CBS broadcast standards and we would like to apologize to anyone who was offended.” MTV and Viacom reiterated this statement, saying, “The tearing of Janet Jackson’s costume was unrehearsed, unplanned, completely unintentional and was inconsistent with assurances we had about the content of the performance.”

The day after the Super Bowl, Jackson was asked by CBS to release a statement about the incident, while Timberlake was not. “The decision to have a costume reveal at the end of my halftime show performance was made after final rehearsals. MTV was completely unaware of it. It was not my intention that it go as far as it did. I apologize to anyone offended – including the audience, MTV, CBS and the NFL.” The next day, the networks asked her to release a video statement that emphasized her part in changing the performance. Timberlake was not asked to make a video statement.

Later that week, Timberlake gave an interview to KCBS, denying that it was a publicity stunt and distancing himself from the incident: “The fact of the matter is, I’ve had a good year, a really good year, especially with my music, even me personally. I don’t feel like I need publicity like this. And I wouldn’t want to be involved with a stunt, especially of this magnitude. I immediately looked at her, they brought a towel up onstage, I immediately covered her up. I was completely embarrassed, just walked off the stage as quick as I could.”

The FCC received over 500,000 complaints about the halftime show and fined CBS $ 550,000, a fee that was eventually dismissed after eight years and a visit to the Supreme Court, with Michael Powell, the then-chairman of the FCC, calling the moment a “classless, crass, and deplorable stunt.”

Later, MTV’s then-chief executive Tom Freston told Reuters that “Janet Jackson engineered it.” CBS also focused the blame on Jackson by refusing to promote her music or videos on any of their TV or radio properties, including MTV and VH1. When the Grammys rolled around shortly after the Super Bowl, People reported that Jackson was pressured by CBS, which also aired the Grammys, not to attend — under threat of rescinding her invitation — despite the fact that she had been asked to present a Luther Vandross tribute. Timberlake attended the ceremony and won two awards that night, using his acceptance speech to offer a joking half-apology for the incident: “I know it’s been a rough week on everybody,” he said. “What occurred was unintentional, completely regrettable, and I apologize if you guys were offended.”

How it’s affected Timberlake since

Over the last 14 years, Timberlake has solidified his position in the music industry, winning nine Grammys and releasing commercially and critically successful albums including 2006’s Futuresex/Lovesounds. His latest album, Man of the Woods, was released Feb. 2 in advance of the halftime show. He’s also commented, albeit vaguely, on Nipplegate multiple times.

In 2007, he acknowledged to MTV that Jackson was unfairly blamed for the incident: “In my honest opinion now…I could’ve handled it better. I’m part of a community that consider themselves artists. And if there was something I could have done in her defense that was more than I realized then, I would have. But the other half of me was like, ‘Wow. We still haven’t found the weapons of mass destruction, and everybody cares about this!’ If you consider it 50-50, I probably got 10 percent of the blame, and that says something about society. I think that America’s harsher on women. And I think that America is, you know, unfairly harsh on ethnic people.” Two years later, in 2009, he told Entertainment Weekly: “I wish I had supported Janet more. I am not sorry I apologized, but I wish I had been there more for Janet.”

Timberlake spoke about the incident recently, when he appeared on Zane Lowe’s Beats 1 radio show in January. He said that he “made peace of the whole thing.” He continued, “It’s just something that you have to look back on and go, ‘OK, you can’t change what’s happened, but you can move forward and learn from it…It’s just one of those things were you go, like, ‘Yeah, what do you want me to say?’ We’re not going to do that again.” He also shared that he had “resolved the situation” with Jackson. “I don’t know that a lot of people know that. I don’t think it’s my job to do that because you value the relationships that you do have with people.” He also confirmed during his Super Bowl halftime show press conference that Jackson will not be a guest performer.

How it’s affected Jackson since

Things after Nipplegate were much different for Jackson than they were for Timberlake. Her album Damita Jo, released in the months following the 2004 Super Bowl, went platinum but didn’t achieve the same measure of commercial success she had had in the past, which many argue was related to the decision by Clear Channel Communications, which owned CBS and MTV, to blacklist her. Neither did she get the spike in listener engagement that artists like Beyoncé, Bruno Mars and Katy Perry experienced following their halftime shows. Though she’s been nominated, she hasn’t taken home a Grammy since the incident.

In 2004, she told Diane Sawyer on Good Morning America that she had “moved on from it,” going so far as to say, “I don’t really want to talk about it ever again.” Unfortunately, it proved difficult to avoid. In 2006, she spoke about it with Oprah Winfrey, saying that she found the focus on the brief instant “absurd.” She agreed when Winfrey suggested that Timberlake had left her to take the blame “to a certain degree” and that the blame had been focused on her. “I think they did put all the emphasis on me, as opposed to us.” During the interview, she also shared that while Timberlake had reached out to her, she hadn’t spoken to him as of that time. “Friendship is very important to me, and certain things you just don’t do to friends. In my own time, I’ll give him a call.”

In 2018, when asked to participate in an article about the 2004 halftime show by USA Today ahead of Timberlake’s Super Bowl performance, Jackson’s rep offered no comment.

Why people are demanding #JusticeForJanet

While both Timberlake and Jackson have addressed the incident and moved on with their careers, fans haven’t forgotten about the ways in which the lack of blame on Timberlake coincided with a boost to his solo music career. Many further point out that this career has benefitted from being largely modeled after, in both sound and style, Jackson’s brother, the late, great Michael Jackson. (Timberlake even won the 2013 MTV Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award.)

Many have been critical of Timberlake’s embrace of R&B, calling it an appropriation of black music and culture. This sentiment surged when Timberlake tweeted that he was “inspired” by a speech that actor and activist Jesse Williams gave during the 2016 BET Awards, in which Williams called out white people for “extracting our culture, our dollars, our entertainment like oil” and “ghettoizing and demeaning our creations then stealing them.”

One journalist quoted Timberlake’s tweet, using it as an opportunity to ask him about the politics of his benefitting, as a white man, off of black culture, and pointing out that he had never apologized to Jackson for making her take the majority of the blame for Nipplegate.

In a now-deleted tweet, Timberlake responded by writing: “Oh, you sweet soul. The more you realize that we are the same, the more we can have a conversation. Bye.” This response was not well-received by fans online, many of whom called him out for what they considered a tone-deaf statement. He later issued an apology via Twitter.

The uneasy sentiments flared up again after it was announced in October 2017 that Timberlake would headline the 2018 Super Bowl halftime show. Fans created the hashtag #JusticeForJanet, which they used to share why they felt that Timberlake should apologize and be held accountable for his role in the treatment of Jackson following incident. The hashtag has especially flourished in the midst of movements like #MeToo and Time’s Up, which call for widespread reform when it comes to issues like gender inequality.

Sports – TIME

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CP Time: The History of Black Actors Dying On Screen: The Daily Show

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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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This Day In Black History: Hundreds of Protesters Arrested While Marching for Equal Voting Rights

On this day in black history, over 700 demonstrators, including the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., were arrested as they protested Alabama’s voter registration requirements in 1965. The mass majority of the 768 protesters were black.

They were marching to protest the impediments to voter registration within Selma, and Dallas County as a whole. After being arrested, Sheriff Jim Clark charged the group with “parading without of permit.” That same week, another 150 marchers of mostly high school students were also arrested by Sheriff Clark.

These protests were part of a series of marches to the Dallas County Courthouse led by King and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) throughout the months of January and February of that year. The protests, however, took a drastic turn on Feb. 17 when Jimmy Lee Jackson was shot and killed by an Alabama state trooper during a demonstration. In response, activists organized a protest march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, on March 7, which infamously became known as “Bloody Sunday.”

Later that year, President Lyndon Johnson signed the federal Voting Rights Act on Aug. 6, 1965, which outlawed the discriminatory voting practices across the nation, such as mandatory literacy tests, which were used as a prerequisite to voting.

 

The post This Day In Black History: Hundreds of Protesters Arrested While Marching for Equal Voting Rights appeared first on Black Enterprise.

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Today in History for February 3rd

Associated Press

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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist