‘Doing science,’ rather than ‘being scientists,’ more encouraging to those underrepresented in the field

Over the course of a school year, elementary school children lose confidence that they can ‘be scientists,’ but remain more confident that they can ‘do science.’
Child Development News — ScienceDaily

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In Another Setback For Caster Semenya, Track and Field Authorities Will Enforce New Testosterone Rules

Track and field’s governing body said Thursday it plans to enforce its new rules on testosterone levels in female runners more widely than sports’ highest court is recommending, dealing another setback to Olympic sensation Caster Semenya.

On Wednesday, the Court of Arbitration for Sport ruled that the IAAF can force women like Semenya with unusually high testosterone to take medication to lower their levels of the muscle-building male sex hormone if they want to compete in events from 400 meters to the mile.

But the court also recommended the IAAF not enforce the rules in the 1,500 meters and the mile, saying there is not enough evidence that high testosterone gives such women a competitive edge at those distances.

Asked on Thursday whether he would heed the court’s advice, IAAF president Sebastian Coe gave a one-word answer: “No.” In a follow-up statement, the IAAF said it has enough evidence to apply the rules at the longer distances.

That decision closes off one way Semenya could have continued to compete without having to take hormone-lowering drugs.

The 28-year-old South African is a two-time Olympic gold medalist in the 800 meters and a three-time world champion. But she has also run the 1,500 meters and has had some success, winning the bronze at the 2017 world championships.

She could still run even longer distances, like the 5,000 meters, without having to take medication. But she hasn’t indicated what she will do.

Semenya has run the fourth, sixth and eighth fastest times ever in the two-lap 800-meter race. But her rivals have complained about having to compete against someone with hyperandrogenism, or unusually high levels of naturally occurring testosterone, a hormone that contributes to muscle tone and bone mass.

In Wednesday’s ruling, the court said the IAAF’s testosterone regulations are “necessary, reasonable and proportionate means” of “preserving the integrity of female athletics.”

Semenya is expected to run on Friday in Doha, Qatar, for the last time before the IAAF rules start being enforced next week. She has accused the governing body of singling her out, saying after the ruling: “For a decade the IAAF has tried to slow me down, but this has actually made me stronger.”

Indian sprinter Dutee Chand has also been publicly identified as having high testosterone. Olympic silver medalist and Semenya rival Francine Niyonsaba of Burundi has confirmed she, too, has hyperandrogenism. She will also compete in Doha.

Sports – TIME

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Abby Wambach – “Wolfpack” and Demanding Gender Equality On and Off the Field | The Daily Show

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Nick Bosa, the NFL draft’s best prospect, is itching to return to the field

It’s been almost nine months since Bosa played competitive football. Now, he shares the real story of how he left OSU after an injury last year — and how ready he is to start sacking again in the NFL.
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As the Democratic field grows, Stacey Abrams weighs a presidential race

The Georgia politician said she will decide about a Senate race by early April, but a White House bid, on themes of race and identity, is under consideration.
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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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Bracket Watch: Where the 2019 NCAA Tournament Field Stands With Shakeups Dead Ahead

Thursday is one of the busiest days of Championship Week, with top teams making their case for No. 1 seeds and bubble teams sweating out Selection Sunday.

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O’Rourke and Biden, signaling presidential bids, would infuse centrism into a left-leaning Democratic field

The ex-congressman and the former vice president have many stylistic differences, but their shared political identities could put them in direct competition for moderate voters.
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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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The Bears Mascot Had the Perfect Reaction to Losing to the Eagles On a Missed Field Goal

The mascot of the losing team is not usually known to be the center of attention at the end of a game.

But during the wild card matchup against the Philadelphia Eagles at Soldier Field on Sunday night, online spectators couldn’t help but note the Chicago Bears mascot’s dramatic reaction to a dramatic loss.

He just fell in defeat, ever so slowly, and he did so with the utmost gravitas.

His soul was crushed, and the internet was smitten.

The Eagles ultimately triumphed 16-15 by shutting down the Bears at the last possible moment thanks to a missed field goal. Cody Parkey’s 43-yard field goal attempt hit the uprights, smacked into the crossbar, and fell back into the field of play in the final seconds, clinching the win for the Eagles.

It was bad news for the Bears and exciting news for fans of the 2018 Super Bowl champions, and the Bears mascot reacted accordingly.

In a different sport entirely, Philadelphia’s own Gritty, the hockey mascot for the Philadelphia Flyers, has a large internet fan base.

But on Sunday night, the internet was in love with a new guy, Staley Da Bear.

Of all the Bears and eagles highlights, all agreed that his strong reaction on the field was something of a masterpiece and people have plenty to say about it.

The Eagles will advance to play the top-seeded New Orleans Saints in Sunday’s divisional round, but not before the internet recovers from some considerable internet breakage at the hands of the Bears mascot.

His antics are not entirely new, but they were appreciated.

Here is the mascot acing the best Bears reaction to loss to Eagles. He is the real most valuable player.

Sports – TIME

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Iowa Poll: First poll of likely caucusgoers finds Biden, Sanders, O’Rourke atop the field

Former Vice President Joe Biden holds the pole position in the first CNN/Des Moines Register/Mediacom poll among likely 2020 Democratic caucusgoers, with Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders and Texas Rep. Beto O’Rourke joining him as the only possible candidates in the field with double-digit support.


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Paradise Lost: Wildfire Chases Seniors From Retirement Havens To Field Hospitals

CHICO, Calif. — After barely getting out of Paradise alive before the Camp Fire turned her town to ash, Patty Saunders, 89, now spends her days and nights in a reclining chair inside the shelter at East Ave Church 16 miles away.

It hurts too much to move. She needs a hip replacement and her legs are swollen. Next to her is a portable commode, and when it’s time to go, nurses and volunteers help her up and hold curtains around her to give her some measure of privacy.

“Never in my life did I think I would end up in a situation like this, but when it’s time to go, you got to go,” Saunders said. Under the circumstances, she is in good spirits, with a rotating cast of people stopping by to chat and take care of her.

Most of the fire victims here are older folks like her. They rest on cots, inflatable beds and recliners in a pop-up community of nearly 200 evacuees displaced by the Camp Fire and an army of volunteers.

The Camp Fire, the deadliest in state history, took ruthless aim at older people. Paradise, the Northern California town erased by fire, was largely a retirement community, with a quarter of the population 65 and older. The fire’s death toll was 77 at last count, and nearly 1,000 people were still unaccounted for — most of them seniors. The sheriff’s list of the missing includes many in their 70s and 80s.

Like everyone else in the wildfire’s path, older people fled swiftly, if they escaped at all, often leaving behind medications, wheelchairs, walkers and essential medical equipment.

Altogether, around 50,000 people are thought to have evacuated, now staying in motels, cars, shelters and a makeshift camp at Walmart in Chico. But the elderly refugees often need more support, especially with chronic conditions and infections that incubate and spread in close quarters. Some need dialysis but can’t get it. Others have respiratory illnesses aggravated by smoke. One woman in a Yuba City shelter was recovering from cancer surgery with a stapled wound.

“It’s been rough,” said Joy Beeson, 76, an evacuee who landed in the Chico church shelter. “Lost a couple of bedmates the other night. They all went to the hospital.”

They were felled by norovirus — a nasty stomach illness that causes diarrhea and vomiting. People were throwing up all day. Then, in the middle of night, paramedics came and removed the sickest, according to some evacuees.

Martha Pichotta lost her mobile home in Paradise, Calif. She doesn’t have insurance and lives off $ 900 a month in Supplemental Security Income. She is now at the Red Cross shelter at the fairgrounds in Yuba City, Calif.

Last week, nearly all the shelters from Chico to Yuba City were hit by an outbreak of the stomach illness — sending dozens to hospitals. Last week, the Butte County Public Health Department said 145 people in the shelters had been sick with the virus. Fearful volunteers and evacuees rarely shake hands anymore; fist bumps and elbow knocks are highly encouraged.

“Just threw up a few times,” said Martha Pichotta, 65, who was staying at the Red Cross shelter in Yuba City, about 50 miles south of Chico. After 24 hours of isolation behind blue curtains, she was released to mingle with other evacuees.

Adding to the physical and emotional stress, especially for seniors, was the hurried escape from longtime homes and the disruption of often predictable lives. There was little time for practical consideration, let alone sentiment — beloved pets and rooms full of memories were lost.

Beeson, whose shelter mates were taken to the hospital, said her adult son put his hand on her back to steady her, yelling, “Run, mama, run!” The only reason they escaped the fire alive was because a car picked them up and whisked them to freedom.

David Jackman, a 72-year-old man, said he shuffled down the road as fast as he could, leaving behind his dog and his walker as the flames overcame his house and propane tanks exploded behind him. A firetruck came to his rescue — likely saving his life.

Saunders, the 89-year-old Paradise resident, nearly burned to death in a car. One side of it melted.

Most of the older folks in the shelter said they couldn’t be more grateful for all the support and care they’ve received. Even so, life in a shelter is hard.

A team of University of California-San Francisco nurses meet at the East Ave Church shelter on Saturday.

Denise Parker, a Red Cross volunteer in Yuba City, said they can offer displaced people Pepto-Bismol and lots of Gatorade. But some were so dehydrated they needed to be hospitalized. Parker said they double-bag all waste and isolate those who are sick.

Parker recently got a request for an oversize wheelchair but wasn’t sure how to find one, she said. One evacuee needed dialysis, but they didn’t have the resources to drive the hundred or so miles back and forth to get him to a clinic.

A nurse and doctors stop by to write prescriptions, Parker said, but for more complicated conditions the shelter struggles to meet the need. They aren’t a full-fledged medical facility.

Ron Cooper, a 78-year-old who evacuated his home in Magalia, 5 miles north of Paradise, was staying at the Yuba City shelter with his wife, Jacque. Days after the fire hit, Jacque was released from the Oroville Hospital, following surgery to remove a cancerous kidney, but couldn’t go home. Her husband said she is doing OK in the shelter, even with a stapled wound in her side, but was concerned that she won’t eat or drink.

David Ramey, a 64-year-old with a scraggly beard, lounged on an inflatable bed at the Chico shelter, puffing on a nebulizer to soothe his emphysema. It was acting up because of the soupy smoke hanging in the air. He bought the device soon after getting out of the danger zone.

David Ramey lounges on an inflatable bed and puffs on a nebulizer to soothe his emphysema, which was acting up due to the smoky air. (Brian Rinker/California Healthline)

A soupy smoke hangs in the air as David Jackman and Martha Pichotta smoke cigarettes outside the shelter at the fairgrounds in Yuba City, Calif., on Saturday. Both lost everything in Paradise. (Brian Rinker/California Healthline)

Many of those who lost nearly everything are in a limbo state, not knowing what they will do next. Some are waiting on assistance from the Federal Emergency Management Agency or for an insurance check. Others are looking for affordable housing in nearby communities. Paradise was attractive not just because of its natural beauty but because housing was reasonably priced for retirees. Several evacuees, like Pichotta, had been living in mobile homes.

At the Yuba City shelter Saturday, Pichotta sat in a wheelchair puffing on a cigarette with a blanket over her legs. She was talking with her 33-year-old son about what they should do now.

The short answer: no idea.

“My mobile home is this high,” she said, placing her hand a few inches above the ground. They didn’t have residential insurance and their only monthly income is a $ 900 Supplemental Security Income check. While she doesn’t know where she will end up, she knows her life in Paradise is over.

“I never want to go to Paradise again,” she said, and cried.


This story was produced by Kaiser Health News, which publishes California Healthline, a service of the California Health Care Foundation.

Kaiser Health News

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Brain learns to recognize familiar faces regardless of where they are in the visual field

A new study finds that recognition of faces varies by where they appear in the visual field and this variability is reduced by learning familiar faces through social interactions. The findings suggest that repeated social interactions may tune populations of visual neurons in the face processing network to enable consistent and rapid recognition of familiar faces.
Child Development News — ScienceDaily

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Diversifying the Field of Economics is Critical to Achieving Gender Equality

Economics, as a discipline, tends to dominate public policy debate in the United States; policies that promote economic growth and a healthy job market are rightly priorities for our policymakers and elected leaders. But this field that shapes some of the most important conversations about the country’s future is still largely dominated by the perspectives and expertise of white men.

It is imperative that Economics embrace diversity in its ranks—for the field, for the country and for women.

Dr. Janet Yellen at a Brookings Institution event. (Paul Morigi for the Brookings Institution / Creative Commons)

On a theoretical level, economists have embraced the concept of diversity in their work. “In finance, we know that diversity is fundamentally important in spreading risk,” Janet Yellen, then-Chair of the Board of the Federal Reserve and arguably the most powerful economist in the world at the time, commented in a speech in 2014. “History shows that economies develop and become more stable through diversification. Often, in the things economists study and the methods we use, diversity is a good thing.”

Embracing diversity among economists, though, has proved more challenging for the field. One reason that women make up only one in three economics graduates at the BA level may be the field’s reputation as a boy’s club—an assessment that was reinforced when a study found deeply misogynistic language on the most popular job board for those entering the economics job market.

The Economics discipline is now beginning to grapple with widespread sexism. After public pressure from many economists to address rampant misogyny in the field, the American Economics Association launched a subcommittee to explore the issue and foster more gender equal hiring and recruitment practices and started their own jobs board.

These are important first steps to creating a more equitable structure within economics where women and people of color can thrive, but the field must go further to ensure that diverse perspectives are valued and championed.

In the last year, high-profile examples of sexual harassment and abuse in wide sets of industries have sparked a conversation about the stories in movies, books, radio and television that we, as a society, never got to see or hear the contributions in business, media and science that we did not get to benefit from. Economics is no different than these wide-ranging fields.

What groundbreaking analysis did we never benefit from reading, citing and building on? What perspective on economic policy was absent when major decisions that shape our lives were made? Already, examples of economic policies that failed or struggled have shown how much a gender based or racially aware analysis could lead to better policies and advance the field.

For example, unpaid care work, especially by women, is central to children’s development and the health of our elderly. When low wages lead to long hours of paid work by women in low income households, the reduction in unpaid care work may undermine children’s development and future labor productivity, but these social costs may go unnoticed and unmeasured. Feminist economists have focused recently on measuring and valuing unpaid care work, so that policies can better account for the important links between paid and unpaid work.

The Institute for Women’s Policy Research and the Program on Gender Analysis in Economics at American University is convening the 2018 Pathways to Gender Equality Conference this weekend in Washington, DC, to explore how solutions to current and future economic challenges facing the United States and the world can be better informed by gender analysis. We hope the conversations sparked at the gathering will move the field a bit closer to embracing more diverse thought and perspectives.

Diversifying the field and embracing a gender lens will allow economics to tap the full potential of its analytical power to offer compelling solutions to the most complicated problems facing society. Indeed, gender analysis has been key to some of the major innovations in the field. In her speech reviewing 125 years of women’s participation in the economy, Janet Yellen, who will be speaking on the importance of diversifying economics in the conference’s opening plenary, described how “the issues surrounding women’s work, such as the minimum wage, pay equity and maximum workweeks, were topics of great interest to early practitioners of labor economics.”

A century later, these issues are still essential to understanding how economic policy impacts women’s lives.

Watch the opening plenary for the Pathways to Gender Equality Conference below, and tune in on social media by following the  hashtag!

Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D., is the president and founder of the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, Distinguished Economist In-Residence for Gender and Economic Analysis at American University and Editor of the Journal of Women, Politics & Policy. Heidi is an economist with a B.A. from Swarthmore College and M. Phil and Ph.D. degrees from Yale. She is a former MacArthur Fellow and American Academy of Political and Social Science Charlotte Perkins Gilman Fellow and received the Distinguished Career Award from the American Sociological Association.

Mieke Meurs, Ph.D., is Professor and Department Chair of Economics at American University. 

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CNN Poll: More see Trump win likely as Biden leads crowded Democratic field

Americans are becoming more likely to think President Donald Trump will win a second term in office, while Joe Biden stands atop a crowded field of Democrats perhaps looking to replace him, according to a new CNN Poll conducted by SSRS.


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http://www.acrx.org -As millions of Americans strive to deal with the economic downturn,loss of jobs,foreclosures,high cost of gas,and the rising cost of prescription drug cost. Charles Myrick ,the President of American Consultants Rx, announced the re-release of the American Consultants Rx community service project which consist of millions of free discount prescription cards being donated to thousands of not for profits,hospitals,schools,churches,etc. in an effort to assist the uninsured,under insured,and seniors deal with the high cost of prescription drugs.-American Consultants Rx -Pharmacy Discount Network News

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