Amazon leaves NYC: Good or Bad? With Anand Giridharadas and Robert Frank

Amazon pulls out of its planned NYC Headquarters. Presidential candidates float new taxes on the wealthy. From Fortune 500 CEOs to Washington lawmakers, everyone has an opinion on billionaires, inequality and what should be done to fix it.


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Trailblazing Major League Baseball Hall of Famer Frank Robinson Dies at 83

Crowding the plate, fearsome and fearless, Frank Robinson hammered his way into the Hall of Fame.

His legacy, however, was cemented that day in 1975 when he simply stood in the dugout at old Cleveland Stadium — the first black manager in Major League Baseball.

Robinson, the only player to earn the MVP award in both leagues and a Triple Crown winner, died Thursday at 83. He had been in failing health and in hospice care at his home in the Bel Air section of Los Angeles. MLB said he was with family and friends at the time.

“Frank Robinson’s resume in our game is without parallel, a trailblazer in every sense, whose impact spanned generations,” Commissioner Rob Manfred said in a statement.

Robinson hit 586 home runs — he was fourth on the career list behind only Hank Aaron, Babe Ruth and Willie Mays when he retired and now ranks 10th. An MVP with Cincinnati and Baltimore, he led the Orioles to their first World Series championship in 1966.

“Frank Robinson and I were more than baseball buddies. We were friends. Frank was a hard-nosed baseball player who did things on the field that people said could never be done,” Aaron posted on Twitter.

“Baseball will miss a tremendous human being,” he said.

An All-Star outfielder in 12 seasons and a first-ballot selection to Cooperstown, Robinson also was a Rookie of the Year, a Gold Glove outfielder and a bruising runner.

But his place in the sport’s history extended far beyond the batter’s box and basepaths.

Robinson fulfilled his quest to become the first African-American manager in the big leagues when he was hired by the Cleveland Indians. His impact was immediate and memorable.

The Indians opened at home that year and Robinson, still active, batted himself second as the designated hitter. In the first inning, he homered off Doc Medich and the crowd went crazy, cheering the whole April afternoon as Cleveland beat the Yankees.

The Reds, Orioles and Indians have retired his No. 20 and honored him with statues at their stadiums.

Robinson later managed San Francisco, Baltimore and Montreal. He became the first manager of the Washington Nationals after the franchise moved from Montreal for the 2005 season — the Nationals put him in their Ring of Honor.

More than half the major league teams have had black managers since his debut with Cleveland.

Robinson later spent several years working as an executive for MLB and for a time oversaw the annual Civil Rights Game. He advocated for more minorities throughout baseball and worked with former Commissioner Bud Selig to develop the Selig Rule, directing teams to interview at least one minority candidate before hiring a new manager.

For all he did on and off the field, Robinson was presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom by George W. Bush in 2005.

Hall of Fame manager Joe Torre played against and worked with Robinson for years.

“He was a tough nut,” Torre recalled at the owners’ meetings in Orlando, Florida. “He never lost that feistiness, which puts a smile on your face … He was always that guy that commanded a lot of respect and he had a presence about him.”

Born Aug. 21, 1935, in Beaumont, Texas, Robinson attended McClymonds High School in Oakland, California, and was a basketball teammate of future NBA great Bill Russell. But it was on the diamond, rather than court, where fame awaited Robinson.

Former Orioles pitcher Jim Palmer, who also gained first-ballot entry into the Hall, once called Robinson, “the best player I ever saw.”

Starting out in an era when Mays, Aaron, Mickey Mantle and Ted Williams were the big hitters, Robinson more than held his own over 21 seasons — if anything, many who watched Robinson felt he never got his full due as an all-time great. He finished with 1,812 RBIs and hit .294 — he played in the World Series five times, and homered in each of them.

Robinson was the only player to hit a ball completely out of old Memorial Stadium in Baltimore and once connected for grand slams in consecutive innings of a game. But he didn’t just slug away, as evidenced by a .389 on-base average boosted by 1,420 walks against 1,532 strikeouts. Extremely alert on the bases, he had 204 steals.

Robinson played the game with grace, yet was known as fierce competitor who combined hard work with natural talent. He planted himself near the plate, yielding to no pitcher, and didn’t seem to care about being brushed back or getting hit by a pitch 198 times.

“Pitchers did me a favor when they knocked me down,” Robinson said. “It made me more determined. I wouldn’t let that pitcher get me out.”

And opposing pitchers noticed.

“Frank Robinson might have been the best I ever saw at turning his anger into runs. He challenged you physically as soon as he stepped into the batter’s box, with half his body hanging over the plate,” Hall ace Bob Gibson once wrote.

“As a rule, I’m reluctant to express admiration for hitters, but I make an exception for Frank Robinson,” Gibson wrote.

Robinson carried a similar philosophy as a baserunner, unapologetically sliding spikes high whenever necessary.

“The baselines belong to the runner, and whenever I was running the bases, I always slid hard,” Robinson declared.

Robinson broke in with a bang as a 20-year-old big leaguer. He tied the first-year record with 38 home runs for Cincinnati in 1956, scored a league-high 122 times and was voted NL Rookie of the Year.

Robinson was the 1961 NL MVP after batting .323 with 37 homers and 124 RBIs for the pennant-winning Reds, and reached career highs in runs (134) and RBIs (136) in 1962.

All-time hits leader Pete Rose joined the Reds the next year.

“He had a huge influence on me when I first came up in ’63,” Rose told The Associated Press by phone. “Frank was a really aggressive, hard-nosed player, and it rubbed off on everybody. Frank was the one who took me under his wings, so to speak. … Frank consistently talked to me about playing the game the right way,” he said.

Robinson was an All-Star, too, in 1965, but Reds owner Bill DeWitt decided Robinson was an old-ish 30 and time to make a move.

That December, Robinson was the centerpiece in what would ultimately be one of the most lopsided trades in baseball history, going to Baltimore for pitchers Milt Pappas and Jack Baldschun and outfielder Dick Simpson.

Robinson became an instant hit with the Orioles in 1966 as the unanimous AL MVP and a Triple Crown winner.

On May 8, he became the only player ever to hit a home run completely out of Baltimore’s home park, Memorial Stadium. The drive came against Cleveland ace Luis Tiant and the spot where the ball sailed over the left-field wall was marked by a flag that read “HERE” that remained in place until the Orioles left for Camden Yards in 1991.

Robinson batted .316 with 49 home runs and 122 RBIs during his first season in Birdland. He then homered in the first inning of the 1966 World Series opener at Dodger Stadium and capped off the four-game sweep of Los Angeles with another homer off Don Drysdale in a 1-0 win in Game 4.

Robinson hit two home runs against Rose and the Reds in teaming with future Hall of Fame third baseman Brooks Robinson to win another crown for the Orioles in 1970.

All told, Robinson was an All-Star in five of his six seasons with Baltimore, reaching the World Series four times and batting .300 with 179 home runs. The cap on his Cooperstown plaque carries on O’s logo.

Pappas went 30-29 over two-plus seasons with the Reds, Baldschun won one game in 51 appearances over two years with Cincinnati and Simpson hit five home runs as a part-time outfielder for the Reds during two mediocre seasons.

Robinson was traded to the Dodgers before the 1972 season. He played for the California Angels in 1973 and was dealt to Cleveland late in the 1974 season.

His managerial debut came 28 years after Jackie Robinson broke the MLB color barrier as a player.

“Every time I put on this uniform, I think of Jackie Robinson,” Frank Robinson said as he began his new role.

Robinson had coached for the Orioles and worked in their front office when he became their manager in 1988 after the team opened at 0-6. Things didn’t get much better right away as Baltimore went on to lose its first 21 games and finished 54-107. The next season, the O’s went 87-75 and Robinson was voted AL Manager of the Year.

Tough and demanding, he went 1,065-1,176 overall as a big league manager.

A no-nonsense guy, Robinson also had a sharp wit. That served him well in Baltimore where, in addition to being a star right fielder, he was the judge for the team’s Kangaroo Court, assessing playful fines for missing signs, uniform mishaps and other things he deemed as infractions.

At the time, the Orioles had a batboy named Jay Mazzone, whose hands were amputated when he was 2 after a burning accident. Mazzone capably did his job for years with metal hooks and became good friends with Robinson.

Some players, though, initially weren’t sure how to treat the teen.

“Frank Robinson broke the ice,” Mazzone said. “He was running his Kangaroo Court and calling a vote among the players, whether to fine somebody or not.”

“It was either thumbs up or thumbs down,” he recalled. “After the vote, he said, ‘Jay, you’re fined for not voting.’ Everybody laughed. After that, I was treated just like everybody else.”

Survivors include his wife, Barbara, and daughter Nichelle.

There was no immediate word on funeral arrangements.


AP Sports Writer Joe Kay and AP Baseball Writer Ronald Blum contributed to this report.

Sports – TIME


Frank Robinson, MLB Hall Of Famer And Civil Rights Activist, Dead At 83

Civil Rights activist, and Major League Baseball Hall of Famer, the iconic Frank Robinson passed away at 83 on Thursday.

According to MASN in Baltimore Robinson transitioned after battling bone cancer.

Post-Jackie Robinson, the African-American baseball experience can’t be told without Frank Robinson’s accomplishments.

Read full article at The Shadow League…

The post Frank Robinson, MLB Hall Of Famer And Civil Rights Activist, Dead At 83 appeared first on Black Enterprise.

Lifestyle | Black Enterprise


The Enduring Legacy of Frank Miller’s ‘Batman: Year One’

Questionable directorial ventures aside (he directed a poorly received version of Will Eisner’s comic book, The Spiritand the big-screen follow-up to Sin City), nobody can dispute the huge mark left by legendary writer Frank Miller on the world of pop culture. Not only did he bring Marvel’s Daredevil back from the brink when he created Elektra, and go on to define his noir style of comic-book storytelling through series such as Sin City, The Spirit, and Ronin, but he is also the man largely responsible for transforming DC’s Caped Crusader into the stoic, Kevin Conroy-voiced defender that’s become so iconic today.

You see, throughout the 1950s and 1960s, Batman had started to drift away from stark vigilantism into more colourful territory. It wasn’t until 1986 that he finally returned to his darker, more serious roots in Frank Miller’s The Dark Knight Returns, a four-issue miniseries. Centring on an alternate-universe Batman who is much older and closer to losing his sense of honour and morality, this grim tale proved so successful that one year later, Frank Miller treated readers to another run — one that is now considered a classic.

Batman: Year One is the story that soft-rebooted the world’s greatest detective for a whole new generation of comic book fans. Many were familiar with the events of Crime Alley and Bruce Wayne’s general reasons for donning the cowl, sure — but we were yet to see those early, difficult years of his career as Batman. Miller wanted to take the character in a new, grounded direction. This gritty tone has proven so influential, it continues to inspire the Batman mythos across multiple media today.

The Dark Knight Trilogy – the Gordon/Batman Relationship

You could almost rename Nolan’s first movie ‘Bromance Begins’.

Part of what made Batman: Year One so revolutionary was Frank Miller’s decision to explore Batman’s beginnings in parallel to James Gordon‘s origins. A relocated detective who’s yet to become the police commissioner dedicated to uprooting the city’s deeply ingrained crime epidemic, Jim Gordon’s bond with Wayne develops across a period of 12 months as the duo learns that Gotham needs a special kind of approach if it is to be saved.

This dynamic is central to Christopher Nolan’s entire Dark Knight trilogy, but is perhaps most prevalent in 2005’s Batman Begins. Screenwriter David S. Goyer lifted the story of Bruce Wayne’s long absence from Gotham following his parents’ death directly from Batman: Year One, allowing the film to explore just how corrupt the police force becomes during this time. The eye-to-eye relationship between Gordon and Batman subtly bubbles to the surface as the fearsome twosome begin their crusade against crime. It comes to fruition during the emotional conclusion of The Dark Knight Riseswhere Gordon’s influence on Batman in his pursuit of justice is deliberately and calculatedly reinforced.

Batman: Zero Year – Vigilantism in the Early Years

Scott Snyder’s Zero Year featured a younger Batman that looked and moved differently than ever before.

Scott Snyder’s tenure writing Batman – epically brought to life by Greg Capullo’s illustrative efforts – is full of memorable storylines and deconstructs the character’s history. How do you follow up the game-changing Court of Owls storyline, though? Seemingly, by doing as Frank Miller did, and going back to the time when The Dark Knight was first starting out. Zero Year is a clear nod to Year One’s title and treatment of Batman. This 2013 comic book arc has since replaced Year One as Batman’s in-continuity origin, but respectfully so by flipping specific elements on their heads.

Spread across three specific segments in Secret City, Dark City, and Savage City, Batman: Zero Year follows the Caped Crusader during his time without the cape – where he was more ‘rough and tumble’ in his fight against ground-level criminals like the Red Hood gang and a pre-riddle obsessed Edward Nygma. Contradictory to Miller’s original series, however, is how Gotham itself is depicted. Far from the dank, gothic structures we’re so used to seeing in Batman media, in Zero Year, Capullo envisions it as a bright and vibrant metropolis worth saving.

From here we get to see plenty of quiet, introspective moments in which Bruce is forced — convincingly — to consider the risks in taking up the Batman mantle, as well as come to terms with the trauma of his parents’ death for the first time since his return to Gotham. Zero Year is a smart retelling of the Batman origin story that heightens almost every event that happens thereafter. So much so that certain elements are set to be adapted for the forthcoming fifth season of Gotham.

Batman: Arkham Origins – First Encounters with Notable Villains

Arkham Origins let Batman wreak havoc on enemies who were unaware he existed.

Faced with the tough task of developing a follow-up to Rocksteady’s acclaimed 2011 video game Batman: Arkham City, the new team at WB Games Montreal saw the sense in going back to Batman’s early timeline to progress the series. Set several years prior to the events of the original Batman: Arkham Asylum, the aptly named Arkham Origins was proposed as a “year two” game that would centre on The Dark Knight’s early days, acting almost as a companion piece to Batman: Year One, despite being set in the game-specific Arkham-verse continuity.

Batman: Arkham Origins never directly references Frank Miller’s run, but its presence is most definitely felt; whether it’s in the initial mistrust between Batman and James Gordon, or how it uses the opportunity to depict Batman’s first interactions with some of the most celebrated comic book villains in Bane, Deathstroke, and The Joker. The developers also took the chance to shed light on some of the lesser-known members of the Bat’s rogues’ gallery, those that would never dare get the chance to shine on the big screen — like Firefly, Copperhead, and Black Mask.

While certainly capable of thwarting the eight assassins chasing him down for the bounty placed on his head throughout the game’s main campaign, Arkham Origins’ younger, inexperienced, and slightly more vulnerable Batman can be traced back to Frank Miller’s classic comic book tale.

5 Times Dystopian TV and Film Fiction Became Real-Life Dystopian Fact

The post The Enduring Legacy of Frank Miller’s ‘Batman: Year One’ appeared first on FANDOM.



Trade war’s impact on real estate investment is unclear: Knight Frank

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