Facebook Inc emails appear to show Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg’s involvement in discussions about its much criticized privacy practices, the Wall Street Journal reported on Wednesday, citing people familiar with the matter.
I am currently 34 but my life has changed a lot and is dramatically different than it was 10 or 15 years ago. Today, I wish I could go back in time and tell my younger self a few things that would help me tremendously, however, that’s not possible so I hope you can learn from my experiences.
1.You Cannot Save Your Way To Prosperity.
Growing up, I always tried to save money to do things myself, to not splurge on restaurants or unnecessary things. In many ways, I’m very proud of that because it taught me a good lesson of even making the most of other things when you don’t have a lot. However, eventually, my father-in-law, Tom, shared a story at a point where he realized that he could not save himself into wealth and instead just had to make more money so he could get the things and do the stuff he wanted to do.
That really rang home with me, up until then, I was just comfortable where I was at and I was just trying to make as much out of what I had as possible. That meant I never really got the things that I truly wanted but just the things that were at an extremely good value ratio, things that were on sale, things that were good deals, things from vintage stores that are very inexpensive. Now, once Tom shared his experiences, it really dawned on me, rather than just trying to save more money and do the things I don’t really want to do simply because they’re inexpensive, it is better to simply make more money so you can get exactly the things you want and do exactly the stuff you want without having to compromise.
To me, this was almost a liberating experience because I knew where my path was going forward. So if you feel stuck at where you are at, maybe just working harder where you are is not the solution, maybe you simply have to change the game and do something completely different, even if that means a pay cut in the beginning but ultimately, it may lead to more prosperity and ultimately, freedom.
2. If It Makes Financial Sense, Set Aside Your Pride.
It’s a lesson I learned in my early 20s. My wife was doing a day job and I was working on the Gentleman’s Gazette and I was not really contributing anything to our household income. Then, my wife lost her job and we could have gotten by taking low paid hourly jobs but her parents offered to help us. Initially, I wasn’t happy with that because I have always been raised to be very independent but we thought about it and agreed to take them up on their offer to help because it enabled us to pursue the things we wanted to do. My wife got an MBA and I continued with Gentleman’s Gazette which eventually would lead us to financial independence. I realized that starting off on a good financial foundation was more important than my personal pride.
So what did I learn from it? If someone offers you genuine help, take them up on it, especially if it’s family. That may also mean that living with your parents is your best option even though you could afford an apartment but at the same time, if you live at home, you may be able to pay down your student loans more quickly. On the flip side, that means you never want to take advantage of other people and you really want to work towards a point where you can thank them for your help but discontinue it simply because you can now support yourself. I find that doing this in a very planned manner enables you to just rely on help for a short amount of time and then really stand on your own feet which can feel very liberating and accomplished.
3. College & Graduate Schools Are Not Always Worth It.
I know it’s a hot topic right now with rising costs and more students graduating with tons of debt. Personally, I went to law school in Germany but a year in, I realized I hated it and after the internships, I also never wanted to work in law, however, at the time, I would have created all of the debt if I would have just dropped out so I just stuck with the school. Looking back, if I had just started my business right then and there, I’d probably be much further ahead today, I would have also learned a lot very early on, at the same time, I would likely not have met my wife because I met her during an exchange semester in 2006.
That being said, for someone weighing going to college or not today, I think it really pays to ask yourself “Why am I going to college? Do I just go so I can party hard and have to wait until my grown-up responsibilities set in?” Or do you maybe just go to college without knowing what you really want just because everyone else in your peer group is going. If those are your main motivators, maybe this is not the time for you to go to college. After all, these are two very expensive reasons and you may end up with debt for a very long time.
4. If You Can Dream It, You Can Build It!
Growing up, I was never really exposed to entrepreneurship. My parents were employed, their friends were employed, and I simply didn’t know anyone who was an entrepreneur. Because of that, I thought naturally, my future would be as an employee, however, it took me some time to realize that I never performed my best when I was an employee but I was much more content and satisfied when I was working for my own. Looking back, deep down, I knew I wanted to do something by myself but I simply didn’t have the guts or to believe that I could do it. So if I knew that if I can dream it, I can build it, I probably would have started my business earlier.
5. Abort Mission if Something Isn’t Working for You.
It can be relationships, it can be ideas or business ideas, or just something that you’re working on, maybe a job. Personally, I ended up graduating from law school in Germany even though I knew I hated it a year in. Then when I came to the US, the economy was bad and I told myself that if I want to be attractive in the job market, I need to have a degree from an American University. So the easiest way was to get a Masters of Law from an American University, of course, in law school, even though it was something I knew I didn’t like.
If you take a step back, you can see it’s this sunk cost trap. You already invested money in it, it has gotten you so far, and it’s now easiest to just take that next step in that same direction even though you know it’s the wrong direction. I’ve seen it over and over again with friends, they get to a certain level, they adapt to a certain lifestyle and to a certain paycheck, and now they’re afraid to take the pay cut and pursue something they really want to do simply because they’re afraid that it would throw things off and they don’t know how to pay for their bills but honestly, they would be happier if they would just pursue their passion and not the paycheck.
6. Thinking Too Much or Too Little About the Future Can Hurt You.
Yes, it’s good to think about the future but to also live in the present. For example, when I met my wife, Teresa, we were both broke. I was going to school in Germany, I had to go back and if you would look at it from a very objective rational point of view, looking at the future, you’d probably say there are probably no chances for this to go well. Well now, I’ve been married to my wife over nine years, we have a daughter, we have a successful business, a house, and we’re extremely happy together. So sometimes, it pays to really live fully in the moment and take it step by step if it feels right.
7. Life Can Sweep the Rug Out from Under You at Any Time.
In 2012, both of my parents were diagnosed with cancer within months of each other. My mom had breast cancer, my dad pancreatic cancer and we thought they were going to die. At the time, we didn’t have much money but probably just enough for a plane ticket to go over there and spend the rest of their lives with them together, as I thought. Fortunately, as events turned out, they are both in remission now, they’re both alive and happy but having a little buffer that allows you to either help out people that are very dear to your heart or just visit a family member when you really needed is extremely available and it just shows you, you can prepare for the future but you can never really prepare for all the eventualities. So again, it’s good to plan but live in the moment and understand that you can’t just prepare for everything out there and you have to take things as they come to you.
8. You Can Teach Yourself Anything.
I probably would have second-guessed my desire to go to law school if I knew that I could learn things at first and figure out if there was something that I want to pursue or not. That being said, aside from law school, I’m pretty much self-taught. I never knew anything about websites when I started the Gentleman’s Gazette so I learned it. I learned about WordPress, about SEO, URLs, servers, hosting, and how the whole internet works. With the Internet today, you can truly learn anything, there’s a course for everything, there are free resources, just like the Gentleman’s Gazette where we teach you how you can become a gentleman and dress up and become your best version of yourself. Even today, I’m a big believer in learning.
9. Consult Mentors & Organizations.
You should consult mentors or organizations with like-minded people that can really help you grow from a business point of view but also personally. I started the Gentleman’s Gazette in 2010 and for the first five years, I was pretty much on my own. Eventually, through a meet up that I went to twice, I met someone and he was part of an organization called Entrepreneurs’ Organization and they had an accelerator program helping smaller businesses. It costs $ 1,500 a month and at that point in time, I had never spent that amount of dough on anything in terms of training, however, it was a fantastic experience where I could learn from experts in their field as well as peers that were in the same shoes and had the same problems as I did.
10. Delegate, Delegate, Delegate!
It’s particularly true for entrepreneurs but honestly, it is true for anyone out there and it’s one of the ways to truly become happier. When I moved to the US, my mindset was that I could either pay someone to do things or I could just do it myself and save the money. So I would always end up doing things myself, sometimes it would take me way longer and I did a much crappier job than if I would have just hired it out. Time is the only truly limited resource we all have and if you can free things up and let experts do the things, you can focus on what makes you really happy or makes you more money.
BONUS TIp: Dress Up a Bit More Than Everyone Else.
Now, that’s a bold statement and of course, there is no point in showing up in a tuxedo outfit to a baseball game but what I rather mean by that is you can always dress up in your environment a few notches up.
What life lessons do you wish you knew when you were younger? We’d love to hear from you!
The two young fashion students walking through New York’s South Street Seaport were probably born after Horst P. Horst’s death in 1999, at the age of 93.
But judging by the reaction of one of them, a blond young man with an imitation Louis Vuitton fanny pack slung over his shoulders, the legacy of Horst—one of the 20th century’s most prolific fashion photographers—lives on.
“Horst!” the student exclaimed upon seeing the photographer’s work hanging in 10 Corso Como, a gallery wedged between the FDR highway and a Guess store. The boy tapped his friend on the shoulder and the two rushed in, gleefully ogling selections from Horst’s 60-year career.
Bill Buckner, the former Red Sox first baseman whose infamous error is part of World Series history, died Monday at the age of 69.
Buckner died after suffering from dementia, according to his family.
“After battling the disease of Lewy Body Dementia, Bill Buckner passed away early this morning of May 27th surrounded by his family,” read a statement from the family, obtained by ESPN. “Bill fought with courage and grit as he did all things in life. Our hearts are broken but we are at peace knowing he is in the arms of his Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.”
Bill Buckner passed away early the morning of May 27th surrounded by his family. Bill fought with courage and grit as he did all things in life. Our hearts are broken but we are at peace knowing he is in the arms of his Lord and Savior Jesus Christ." Bill was 69.
In 22 seasons with the major leagues, Buckner played for the Boston Red Sox, Los Angeles Dodgers and Chicago Cubs, among other teams. Despite a lengthy career that included winning the National League batting title in 1980, he is best known for making an infamous error in the 1986 World Series. During the 10th inning of Game 6, Buckner let a ground ball go between his legs, opening a path for the New York Mets to win the series. Superstitious Red Sox fans took that as proof of the so-called Curse of the Bambino, which they believed prolonged the team’s World Series drought to 68 years.
Former teammate Bobby Valentine honored his friend on Twitter Monday, and made the point that Buckner “deserved better.”
As I clear my head and hold back the tears I know I will always remember Billy Buck as a great hitter and a better friend. He deserved better. Thank god for his family. I ll miss u Buck!
Almost everyone has a list of places they want to visit, right?! It’s no secret that wanderlust has been catching on for years and for a good many reasons. People are curious about more than just their hometown; they want to see things they never thought they could and step back in time, musing at the historical monuments that stand with centuries of stories behind them. It’s easy to imagine falling in love with traveling, but for some people, the allure isn’t in the famous sites; it’s in the unbeaten track. Things that not everyone with a burgeoning purse and deep pockets could go explore. Some places are harder to get to, and some places aren’t widely known, however, here are some little known world-heritage sites you can go visit.
Historic City of Trogir, Croatia
The city of Trogir is ancient and has a historically preserved feeling of Greek and Roman rule. The layout of the town has been maintained, even if most of the domestic buildings aren’t the same. However, the most exciting part is the center of the city, which has an abundance of incredible historic buildings and a myriad of external influences. This is a UNESCO world heritage site, and with good reason; you’ll think you have stepped back in time walking through these streets. This city has existed and stood since the Hellenistic period, which comes before the Romans around 323 BCE and ends when the Romans had conquered everything that remembered that period of time. The city features a 13th-century palace, and cathedral, as well as a variety of 15th-century buildings and fortresses. Not to mention you’re right by the coast in this beautiful city, often dwarfed by the neighboring city of Split.
The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica, Poland
These are the largest timber-framed buildings in Europe with some of the most intricate designs within them. A picture would take your breath away, let alone sitting within the walls of a seventeenth-century church, still looking beautiful and spectacular. These churches were built for Protestant worshippers living within a Catholic monarchy, and the history behind this is truly magnificent.
Episcopal City of Albi, France
You don’t have to be an architecture historian to appreciate the beauty this place has to offer. The thirteenth century saw this city become powerful; it was built around the tenth and eleventh century and has stood proud since. The city of Albi has four medieval districts; the Castelviel, the Castelnau, Saint-Salvi, and the coombs and banks of Tarn. It also has an impressive medieval palace and churches that stand high above the city, alongside some of the most ornate and oldest bridges in France.
The Great Rift Valley, Kenya
The Great Rift Valley is home to some exotic species such as lions, giraffes, flamingos, and so on. This place is more of a geographical amazement, as part of a ridge system that includes a chain of volcanoes and breathtaking lakes. To see it all would be to go on one of the most impressive safaris in your life as you’ll see so many remarkable natural wonders such as watching the flamingos in their natural habitat. It wouldn’t be an easy or a safe journey so you would need to take extra care and hire the right kind of guide.
There are many hidden gems in the world; you just need to know where to look.
Over the course of his career, the late Paul Winfield was a critically acclaimed actor who was just the third Black person nominated for an acting Oscar. The Los Angeles native was born on May 22, 1939.
Winfield spent a portion of his youth in Portland, Oregon before returning to his hometown to complete high school. Facing segregation and racism at every turn, Winfield turned to acting and was mentored while in school en route to earning a scholarship to Yale University.
He turned down the scholarship and was quoted saying he felt the responsibility of attending a “rich school” in his words, would prove too difficult. He instead opted to study theater at the University of Oregon, Stanford University, and UCLA.
In 1966, actor Burgess Meredith gave Winfield his first big break by casting him in a pair of plays by poet Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones). Sidney Poitier helped Winfield get his first credited movie role in 1969 in the film The Lost Man, and in 1973, he was nominated for the Best Actor Academy Award for the film Sounder.
In 1994, Winfield won the Outstanding Guest Actor Emmy Award for his role in CBS’ Picket Fences after being nominated twice before. He was also an established voice and television actor, appearing in a number of bit roles well into the 21st Century.
Winfield was a gay man but rarely displayed that part of his personal life. He passed in 2004 at the age of 64.
Among the great pantheon of New Orleans Jazz artists, Sidney Bechet is rightfully near the top of that group of legends. The saxophonist was born May 14, 1897, and according to some, brought forth the concept of the soloist in his genre.
Bechet was largely a self-taught child prodigy who picked up the clarinet at the age of six. By the time he was a teenager, Bechet was a professional musician playing in several New Orleans bands. His playing style was described as improvisational and bold, often standing out among the ensemble sets of the bands.
After a stint with bandleader King Oliver’s group, Bechet moved to New York to join composer Will Marion Cook’s Syncopated Orchestra. It was with the Orchestra that Bechet toured Europe and discovered the straight saxophone, and instrument he remained with for the duration of his professional career. As noted by experts, Bechet was able to bring his bold, innovative style of playing the clarinet to the saxophone.
While in Europe, Bechet spent about a year in jail after a gunfight broke out between him and some other musicians. In his autobiography “Treat It Gentle.” Bechet wrote that he accidentally shot a woman but was trying to shoot a man who insulted him and his playing. After his release from a Paris jail, Bechet was deported and relocated to Berlin, Germany.
Bechet returned to the states in the ‘30s and found work playing and performing but success on the record charts proved to be elusive for him while his past collaborators such as Armstrong and Duke Ellington were becoming superstars. In the ‘40s, Bechet returned to Europe and settled in France were he found fame as a hit-making musician.
Armstrong is credited by most historians for bringing forth the concept of the jazz soloist, but some experts contend that Bechet pioneered the concept in a recording studio mere months before Satchmo did so.
Bechet passed from lung cancer on his birthday in 1959 at the age of 62.
Liberia is home to the second-established Black American settlement in Africa, Monrovia, the nation’s capital city. It was founded on April 25, 1822 by the American Colonization Society (ACS), an organization that cleared a path for Black Americans to return to the nation of their birth, but their motives were not always benevolent.
ACS members arrived at the site of Monrovia in 1821. The city was first known as Christopolis, but was changed to Monrovia to honor then President James Monroe. Natives in the region saw the ACS and its Black American settlers as invaders, thus igniting clashes between the two groups.
The early days of Monrovia saw an influx of settlers, known as Americo-Liberians, who came to the city and country between 1822 and 1848. Much of the landscape in Monrovia mirrored the Southern United States, as expected. The country gained its independence from America in 1847 and elected its first president, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, the following year.
Liberia has undergone several regime changes since and in 1980, a military coup led by Samuel Doe of the Liberian Army rocked the nation. After Doe was deposed and killed in 1990, the country fell into despair and was ruled by dictator Charles Taylor, who was deposed himself in 2003. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf became the first female African head of state as Liberian president from 2006 to 2018. Now the country is ruled by former professional soccer player George Weah.
There are plenty of good reasons to rent out your home rather than sell. Maybe you’re upgrading to a bigger house and are counting on reliable rent from your existing one, or maybe you’re taking on a job in a new city but aren’t yet ready to commit to a permanent move. Whatever your reasons for renting out your house, be sure you understand the potential pitfalls—and how to avoid them—before you assume the role of landlord. Take a few lessons from these homeowners who rented out their houses and are eager to share what they learned along the way. Bob Vila : Trusted Home Renovation & Repair Expert
BroadwayWorld has teamed up with Broadway alum Ilana Levine, who makes her entrance onto the podcast stage with her new show Little Known Facts. Ilana’s unique brand of celebrity interview, ‘Podcast Verite,’ is unfiltered, raw, honest and uniquely funny. BroadwayWorld.com Featured Content
While Charlotte E. Ray’s legal career was brief, the trail she blazed as America’s first Black woman lawyer is still inspirational. On February 27, 1872, she left Howard University with a law degree and embarked on her journey before entering into other ventures.
Ray was born January 13, 1850 in New York City. Her father was a notable religious figure and abolitionist. After attending the Institution of the Education of Colored Youth, she became a teacher at a preparatory school connected to Howard University. While working there, she enrolled in the university’s law program under the name C.E. Ray – which some historians believe was a bid to hide her gender although the school reportedly had no such restrictions at the time.
After successfully finishing the three-year program, Ray made history again by becoming one of the first women admitted to the D.C. Bar, and the first woman admitted to practice in front of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia. Ray opened a practice, using Frederick Douglass’ newspaper to advertise her services, but being a Black woman in a world that didn’t respect her accomplishments made business tough.
The racism and sexism forced her to move north to New York where she returned to teaching. She then joined the woman’s suffrage movement and the National Association of Colored Women.
Joe Sample made his mark in music early on as part of the Jazz and Funk ensemble, The Crusaders. Today is the late Houston native and legendary keyboardist’s birthday.
Sample was born in 1939, and began studying the piano at five years old. He joined bands in high school and while at Texas Southern University. He moved west with a few of his college band members, forming the Jazz Crusaders in Los Angeles.
As the Crusaders began a prolific recording schedule, Sample became an in-demand session player for the likes of Diana Ross, Marvin Gaye, The Jackson Five, and many other notable names. Sample also began releasing solo work in 1969, going on a creative tear in the ‘70s with the Crusaders and via his own albums.
Sample’s last album in 2015, “Christmas With Friends,” was recorded alongside India.Arie. In all, Sample released 24 albums to go with the dozens he recorded as a member of the Crusaders.
Last summer, Sample’s gravesite in Houston was marked with a massive headstone fashioned in the shape of a piano.
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg, also known as Arthur Schomburg, was a meticulous historian and important Harlem Renaissance figure. During his career, he was referred to as the “Sherlock Holmes of Black History” due to his exhaustive research on Africa and the diaspora.
Schomburg was born Jan. 24. 1874 to a Black mother from the Virgin Islands and a German father who lived in Puerto Rico. As a boy, Schomburg was told by a teacher that Black history was a farce, which set him on a path early on to prove that doubter wrong.
In 1871, Schomburg moved to Harlem, New York and was an active member of the fight for Cuba and Puerto Rico’s independence. When his home country became part of the United States, Schomburg embraced the African-American community that he was now a part of. This set him on a path of serious study of the connection Black Americans had with Africa.
In 1911, Schomburg founded the Negro Society for Historical Research, and in 1922, he was named president of The American Negro Academy. As a collector and researcher of African art, Schomburg amassed a massive collection which was put on display by the New York Public Library’s Division of Negro Literature, History and Prints in 1926. He became the department’s curator and remained so until his death in 1932.
Today, The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture of the New York Public Library boasts more than 10 million items connected to Africa and beyond.
In the opera world, Grace Bumbry is considered a master of her craft as one of the leading mezzo-soprano vocalists in the world. Today is the St. Louis, Mo. native’s birthday.
Bumbry was born in 1937. Her parents exposed her to the likes of Marian Anderson, who would be an early inspiration. At 16, Bumbry won a contest to enter a local music conservatory, but was denied entry due to her race. The contest promoters, looking to avert controversy, made arrangements for Bumbry to attend Boston University but it was after transferring to Northwestern University, she blossomed. While in Illinois, she studied with opera star and soloist Lotte Lehmann.
In 1961 at the age of 24, Bumbry became in an international sensation after appearing as the first Black opera singer to perform in Bayreuth, Germany with the grandson of composer, Richard Wagner. Although the conservative opera audience and press balked at her inclusion in the production, her performance was so mind-blowing that she was dubbed “The Black Venus.”
The following year, Bumbry was invited to sing at the White House, becoming the first Black opera singer to perform there. This lead to more performances throughout the ’60’s and ’70’s. Bumbry’s controversial switch to soprano in the latter decade divided some critics and observers who questioned if she truly commanded the range to sing at that level.
However, Bumbry brushed aside the talk and continued to perform into the ’90’s, with her last performance taking place in 1997.
From there, Bumbry taught voice and served as a judge in various competitions, and amassed a number of honors, including inclusion into the Kennedy Center Honors in 2009.
Dr. Olivia J. Hooker turned 103 years of age this past February and in that same month in 1945, she made military history. Dr. Hooker, who passed away last week, became the first African-American woman to join the United States Coast Guard after being rejected by the United States Navy.
Hooker was born February 12, 1915 in Muskogee, Oklahoma. At the age of six, Hooker witnessed the Ku Klux Klan ransack her home during the violent Tulsa Massacre of Black Wall Street and was one of the few, if not the only, survivors of that moment in history.
The family relocated to Columbus, Ohio, and Hooker graduated from Ohio State University in 1937. The Delta woman attempted to enter the Navy and was denied due to her race.
She was eventually was allowed to join the Navy after contesting the denial, but Hooker elected to join the Coast Guard instead in February of 1945. Hooker was part of the SPAR (Semper Paratus Always Ready) division, a section of the U.S. Coast Guard Women’s Reserve.
This unit was eventually disbanded in 1946. The following year, Hooker obtained her master’s degree in psychology from Columbia University and worked with women in an upstate New York prison.
In 1961, Hooker earned her Ph.D from the University of Rochester and in 1963, she joined the faculty of Fordham University, teaching until 1985. She retired two years later, and at the age of 95, she joined the Coast Guard Auxiliary, the civilian reserve of the branch.
Hooker passed of natural causes on November 21 at her White Plains, New York home.
For the first time in its 145th year in existence, the student newspaper of Harvard University has named its first Black women as president. Kristine Guillaume will oversee The Harvard Crimson, which bills itself as the oldest running daily college newspaper in the country.
Guillaume, a junior at Harvard University studying African-American Studies along with History and Literature, will lead the 146th Guard of the Harvard Crimson. The Queens, New York native is one of three chairpersons that sit on the Crimson’s Diversity and Inclusivity Committee, which made it a point this year to select editors and staff of varying backgrounds.
In a recent statement after being named president of the Crimson, Guillaume noted that Harvard University’s past as an institution of learning primarily made for White men is no longer its legacy, and that her presence at the Crimson and the university itself signals the changes that will continue to come.
“I want people to think about how to navigate, and feel like they can and get through their education, and feel like they do belong here,” Guillaume said.
Past presidents of the Crimson include the likes of Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, and CNN president, Jeff Zucker.
Many of the objects NASA and other scientific bodies choose to study in space are incredibly old, but that’s not the case with Kes 75. Located a mere 19,000 light years from Earth, Kes 75 is a ultra-dense chunk of a star that went supernova, and now scientists are calling it the youngest known pulsar in the Milky Way galaxy.
In a new post on its website, NASA explains how the pulsar was detected and shows off a pretty stunning image of what it looks like from our vantage point.
The hit film Hidden Figures, starring Taraji P. Henson, highlighted three African-American women who were instrumental in propelling the U.S. space program forward. Arkansas native Raye Montague, who is the first person to design a U.S. Navy ship using a computer and a “hidden figure” herself, passed this week at the age of 83.
Montague was born January 21, 1935 in Little Rock, Ark. As a girl, her grandfather took her to an exhibit in South Carolina featuring a captured German submarine. After peering at the controls for the vessel, the seven-year-old Montague asked the tour guide how the machines worked. He responded that it was a job for engineers and that she didn’t need to worry about it.
The response fueled Montague from that moment on, event though racial and gender barriers in the ’40’s and 50’s were daunting. Determined to earn an engineering degree, Montague attended what is now known as the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, graduating in 1956. Heading to D.C., the stellar student caught the attention of the Navy and began working for the military branch as a clerk typist.
Her studious nature led her to learn how computers worked, advancing her past male colleagues from larger universities. In an interview, Montague revealed that she also taught herself to drive while working for the Navy. While her colleagues thought her working late hours was a show of dedication to the job, the truth was she was learning how to drive on the go and didn’t want to do so in rush hour traffic.
For 14 years, Montague rose in the ranks and became a computer systems analyst at the Naval Ship Engineering Center. In 1970, though racist bosses in the Navy sneered at her accomplishments, they came to rely on her in a time of need. While at the department, an admiral brought a request from President Richard Nixon who wanted to get the jump on a ship design.
While the admiral said the Navy was given two months to complete the design, he charged her with getting the job done in one month. Montague finished the design in just over 18 hours and 26 minutes, as she said in a 2017 interview.
Montague, who was married three times, retaining her second husband’s surname as he was the father of their son David, won the Navy’s Meritorious Civilian Service Award in 1972.
Six years later, she earned the Manufacturing Engineers Achievement Award. Montague retired in 1990 and entered the Arkansas Black Hall of Fame in 2013. Earlier this year, Montague was enshrined in the Arkansas Women’s Hall of Fame.
While history might remember C. Delores Tucker as a fiery champion who shouted down the violent and sexist rap lyrics of the ’90’s, the facts reveal she was much more than that. The Philadelphia native is also the first Black woman named secretary of state in Pennsylvania and a notable civil rights activist.
Born Cynthia Delores Nottage, she attended college at Temple University and the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Business ahead of her political career. In the ’60’s, Tucker, who married her husband William in 1951, was deeply entrenched in the civil rights movement and marched alongside Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. in 1965. She also worked closely with the NAACP.
In 1971, Gov. Milton Shapp was appointed as state secretary, and formed the first Commission on the Status of Women. Tucker was fired in 1977 for allegedly giving speeches written by state employees and winning honors for them.
In 1990, Tucker and 15 other Black men and women formed the African-American Women For Reproductive Freedom organization. Throughout the ’90’s, Tucker challenged the lyrics of The 2 Live Crew, N.WA., the late 2Pac and others for their bawdy lyrics. Her stance made her the targets of harsh criticism from the rap industry and from free speech advocates.